Proceedings of the International Conference on Teacher Training and Education 2017 (ICTTE 2017)

EFL Students' Difficulties and Needs in Essay Writing

Authors
A. Ariyanti, Rinda Fitriana
Corresponding Author
A. Ariyanti
Available Online October 2017.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ictte-17.2017.4How to use a DOI?
Keywords
EFL students; essay writing difficulties; need analysis; lecturer's perception; teaching writing challenges
Abstract

Having observed the writing class and EFL students' essays in previous semester, the researchers found that their essay were in poor quality. This situation portrays the fact that writing is a complex skill to learn in English language acquisition. This study is aimed to investigate the difficulties faced by EFL students in essay writing as well as exploring their learning needs to have better quality of English composition. Examining essays and administering open-ended questionnaires were done to 33 students of English Department at Widya Gama Mahakam University, Indonesia, to find students' difficulties in broad-spectrum. In addition, semi-structured interview to the writing lecturer was also conducted to dig his perception related to challenging matters about teaching essay writing. The findings showed that students have major difficulties in grammatical, cohesion and coherence terms. Moreover, minor aspects also had been revealed regarding to students' writing, namely paragraph organization, dictions, and vocabulary misspelling. Considering its complexity in accomplishing essay writing task, the students expected more intense guidance from the lecturer, such as continuous consultation regarding to the lecturer's feedback in their essay draft. The interview result confirmed this issue. The lecturer admitted that limited time and big number of students in one class became his great barriers to improve the quality of the students' essay. These facts drive new challenges for the writing lecturer in two ways; 1) the lecturer should guide students properly by using step-by-step procedures so that the students feel comfortable in writing the essay, and 2) explicit explanation related to the revision given is needed. It is important to note that this issue demands a new and effective teaching essay writing strategy to achieve fruitful outcomes of teaching and learning process especially in essay writing context.

Copyright
© 2017, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Conference on Teacher Training and Education 2017 (ICTTE 2017)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
October 2017
ISBN
978-94-6252-411-8
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ictte-17.2017.4How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2017, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - A. Ariyanti
AU  - Rinda Fitriana
PY  - 2017/10
DA  - 2017/10
TI  - EFL Students' Difficulties and Needs in Essay Writing
BT  - Proceedings of the International Conference on Teacher Training and Education 2017 (ICTTE 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 32
EP  - 42
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ictte-17.2017.4
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ictte-17.2017.4
ID  - Ariyanti2017/10
ER  -