Proceedings of the 8th International Nursing Conference on Education, Practice and Research Development in Nursing (INC 2017)

The Effect of Theory of Reasoned Action Implementation on Dietary and Physical Activity Adherence in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

Authors
Kusnanto Kusnanto, Iqlima Dwi Kurnia, Jatmiko Jatmiko Andi Rama
Corresponding Author
Kusnanto Kusnanto
Available Online April 2017.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/inc-17.2017.56How to use a DOI?
Keywords
theory of reasoned action; adherence; physical activity; diet; blood glucose; diabetic mellitus
Abstract
Most of patients with type 2 diabetes failed to follow the dietary recommendation due to lack of motivation, memory and intention. Thus, level of obedience still low. Being physically active requires a combination of difficult tasks such huge expenditure of effort, and continued persistence (McAuley & Blissmer, 2011). There is needed any health related program to increase client's motivation and to improve intention to adhere dietary suggestion throughout the application of Theory of Reasoned Action. The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of Theory of Reasoned Action on the dietary and physical activity adherences in patient with Diabetes Type 2. The population were patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in one of medical wards at RSI Jemursari Surabaya in November 2016 as many as 23 respondents. 20 respondents were gained by using purposive sampling technique according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, and divided into two groups, control and treatment group. The independent variable was the implementation of the Theory Of Reasoned Action. The dependent variables were (1) dietary adherence, (2) physical activity adherence, and (3) blood glucose levels. The dietary and physical activity adherence were identified by using questionnaires, and blood glucose monitoring devices was used to identified blood glucose level. Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test showed the differences between pre and post intervention in all dependent variables in treatment group. In addition, Mann Witney U test also showed the differences between control and treatment gorup in all dependent variables. Implementation of Theory of Reasoned Action can improve dietary and physical activity adherence in patients with Diabetes mellitus type 2. Further studies are expected to place more number of samples and measure all variables in the Theory of Reasoned Action.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Proceedings
8th International Nursing Conference on Education, Practice and Research Development in Nursing (INC 2017)
Part of series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
April 2017
ISBN
978-94-6252-388-3
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/inc-17.2017.56How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Kusnanto Kusnanto
AU  - Iqlima Dwi Kurnia
AU  - Jatmiko Jatmiko Andi Rama
PY  - 2017/04
DA  - 2017/04
TI  - The Effect of Theory of Reasoned Action Implementation on Dietary and Physical Activity Adherence in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
BT  - 8th International Nursing Conference on Education, Practice and Research Development in Nursing (INC 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/inc-17.2017.56
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/inc-17.2017.56
ID  - Kusnanto2017/04
ER  -