State Repression Towards the Press in the Guided Democracy Era: The Case of Pandji Masjarakat and Gema Islam (1959-1966)
- 10.2991/assehr.k.211110.001How to use a DOI?
- Guided Democracy; Culture; Opposition; Islam; Indonesia
Pandji Masjarakat and Gema Islam are two Islamic cultural magazines published during the Guided Democracy era (1959-1966) in Indonesia. Both magazines were closely related to Hamka, a prominent figure from the opposition party at that time, namely Masyumi. Even though both are strictly cultural magazines, they are considered dangerous by the government. Pandji Masjarakat only lasted for thirty-two editions before being banned, and Hamka was later arrested while working at Gema Islam on charges of treason. This research seeks to reveal why and how the State suppressed these magazines, so as to reveal one side of the Guided Democracy, which was rarely discussed, namely its repressive attitude against cultural opposition. The research was conducted using historical methods in the form of heuristics, verification, interpretation, and historiography. It was carried out to develop better understanding on the phenomena of cultural opposition in Indonesia and the government’s response to it. Several findings indicate that the two magazines were considered dangerous because some articles published there contained ideas that were contrary to the government’s political views. Therefore, both received repressive treatment from the State. This study also indicates that cultural opposition had long existed in Indonesia.
- © 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press SARL.
- Open Access
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Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Akmal Akmal PY - 2021 DA - 2021/11/21 TI - State Repression Towards the Press in the Guided Democracy Era: The Case of Pandji Masjarakat and Gema Islam (1959-1966) BT - Proceedings of the International University Symposium on Humanities and Arts 2020 (INUSHARTS 2020) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 1 EP - 7 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.211110.001 DO - 10.2991/assehr.k.211110.001 ID - Akmal2021 ER -