Climate of the Caucasus Region of the Last 60 Years: Precipitation and Temperature Trends and Anomalies
- 10.2991/isees-19.2019.22How to use a DOI?
- Caucasus region; climatic zones; trends; anomalies; temperature; precipitation; glacier degradation.
Seasonal, annual trends of average, minimum and maximum temperatures, total precipitation and maximum daily precipitation from 1961 to 2017 in various climatic zones of the region have been studied in the paper. The study period was divided into two intervals from 1961 to 1975 and from 1976 to 2017. Since 1976, in all climatic zones of the Caucasus region, negative trends in average annual temperatures changed direction to positive ones. The strongest growth was observed in the summer season in all climatic zones. Changes in the seasonal and annual rainfall patterns are not so obvious: both an increase and a decrease in the amount of precipitation and daily maximums were observed. The paper presents a numerical assessment of the rate of degradation of glaciers in Terskol (high-mountainous zone) against the background of an increase in the rate of growth of summer temperatures in recent decades. Analysis of regional anomalies of mean monthly temperatures in 2017 showed that the record high value of mean monthly temperatures in the Caucasus region was in 2010.
- © 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - B.A. Ashabokov AU - A.A. Tashilova AU - L.A. Kesheva AU - N.V. Teunova AU - Kh.M. Kalov AU - L.M. Fedchenko AU - R.Kh. Kalov AU - A.Kh. Khavtsukov PY - 2019/08 DA - 2019/08 TI - Climate of the Caucasus Region of the Last 60 Years: Precipitation and Temperature Trends and Anomalies BT - Proceedings of the International Symposium "Engineering and Earth Sciences: Applied and Fundamental Research" dedicated to the 85th anniversary of H.I. Ibragimov (ISEES 2019) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 716 EP - 721 SN - 2590-3217 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/isees-19.2019.22 DO - 10.2991/isees-19.2019.22 ID - Ashabokov2019/08 ER -