Proceedings of the International Symposium "Engineering and Earth Sciences: Applied and Fundamental Research" dedicated to the 85th anniversary of H.I. Ibragimov (ISEES 2019)

Vegetation Changes due to the Impact of PJSC ALROSA Activities, Measures to Reduce Ecological Stress

Authors
S.I. Poiseeva, L.D. Gavrileva, E.G. Kardashevskaya, E.A. Ivanova, D.V. Andreev, A.I. Borisov
Corresponding Author
S.I. Poiseeva
Available Online August 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/isees-19.2019.53How to use a DOI?
Keywords
vegetation; mining companies; anthropogenic impact; the degree of vegetation transformation; damaged lands.
Abstract

The present paper deals with the research of plant cover in the area of a diamond-mining company. Its main objects are the vegetation of a natural biotope, affected land areas and the vegetation of transformed affected territories in the area of Udachninskiy Mining and Processing Plant. The research describes the original state of vegetation on the territory - typical zonal sparse larch forests. Then the degrees of vegetation transformation are shown. Intensive exploitation of natural resources has led to the destruction of natural landscapes on a vast territory. The main types of land cover disruptions as a result of Udachninskiy Mining and Processing Plant activities are land embankments, excavations, wet territories. According to the intensity of impact all territories are differentiated into micro-, meso- and macro-anthropogenic plots. The transformation of vegetation cover happens on all levels of impact. The most profound transformation was found on macro-anthropogenic plots where environment recovery is not possible in a foreseeable future. Meso-anthropogenic impact leads to the transformation on population and ecosystem levels resulting in changes of structure and content of plant communities. Successions on micro-anthropogenic plots follow the way towards the reconstruction of original zonal types of vegetation. It is shown that damaged landscapes have a sharp contrast with natural landscapes in terms of flora. The natural flora of higher vascular plants in the area of Udachninskiy Mining and Processing Plant accounts for 287 species from 155 genera of 62 families. The flora of damaged territories accounts for 91 species, from 71 genera of 23 families. It constitutes only 32.71% of the list of the natural flora in the area of Udachninskiy Mining and Processing Plant. The research highlights the need for scientific analysis and reclamation works on affected lands of Udachninskiy Mining and Processing Plant.

Copyright
© 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the International Symposium "Engineering and Earth Sciences: Applied and Fundamental Research" dedicated to the 85th anniversary of H.I. Ibragimov (ISEES 2019)
Series
Atlantis Highlights in Material Sciences and Technology
Publication Date
August 2019
ISBN
978-94-6252-769-0
ISSN
2590-3217
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/isees-19.2019.53How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - S.I. Poiseeva
AU  - L.D. Gavrileva
AU  - E.G. Kardashevskaya
AU  - E.A. Ivanova
AU  - D.V. Andreev
AU  - A.I. Borisov
PY  - 2019/08
DA  - 2019/08
TI  - Vegetation Changes due to the Impact of PJSC ALROSA Activities, Measures to Reduce Ecological Stress
BT  - Proceedings of the International Symposium "Engineering and Earth Sciences: Applied and Fundamental Research" dedicated to the 85th anniversary of H.I. Ibragimov (ISEES 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 551
EP  - 555
SN  - 2590-3217
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/isees-19.2019.53
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/isees-19.2019.53
ID  - Poiseeva2019/08
ER  -