Medical terminology in cognitive aspect: features of the terminological field “surgical instruments” in the German language
- 10.2991/ismge-19.2019.83How to use a DOI?
- terminology, medical terminology, cognitive terminology, terminological field, suffixation, prefixation, synonym, eponym, metaphor-term
This article focuses on the features of the terminological field “surgical instruments” of the German language. The terminological field “surgical instruments” of the German language was analysed by means of structural, definitional and conceptual analysis. The material for the study is simple, complex terms and terminological word-combinations which belong to the studied terminological field. It was found that main features of the terminological field “surgical instruments” in the German language determined by professional specificity are: 1) Greek, Latin, European terms, as well as Greek and Latin terminoelements form the basis of the analysed terminological field; 2) there is a tendency to the usage of national terms; 3) functioning of 4 thematic groups of metaphor-terms (artefact, zoomorphic, floristic, anthropomorphic metaphors); 4) the high frequency of the terminological two-word-combinations (57.8%) and complex noun-terms with two terms in their structure (67.4%) which is associated with the fact of speech economy; 5) the use of eponyms which is explained not only by the desire to perpetuate the name of scientists who invented or modified the instrument, but also by the nominative crisis during the description of the complex construction of the surgical instrument.
- © 2019, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Sanya Madzhaeva AU - Tatiana Lukoyanova AU - Alisa Sinitsina PY - 2019/07 DA - 2019/07 TI - Medical terminology in cognitive aspect: features of the terminological field “surgical instruments” in the German language BT - Proceedings of the 1st International Scientific Practical Conference "The Individual and Society in the Modern Geopolitical Environment" (ISMGE 2019) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 436 EP - 441 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/ismge-19.2019.83 DO - 10.2991/ismge-19.2019.83 ID - Madzhaeva2019/07 ER -