Proceedings of the 2nd International Seminar of Science and Applied Technology (ISSAT 2021)

# Comparison of Newton Correction Between Joule’s Law Experiment and Ice Heat of Fusion Experiment

Authors
Sardjito1, *, Nani Yuningsih2
1Electrical Engineering Department, Politeknik Negeri Bandung, Bandung 40012, Indonesia
2Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineering Department, Politeknik Negeri Bandung, Bandung 40012, Indonesia
*Corresponding author. Email: sardjito@polban.ac.id
Corresponding Author
Sardjito
Available Online 23 November 2021.
DOI
10.2991/aer.k.211106.009How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Newton correction; environmental temperature influence; Joule’s Law; the heat of fusion of ice
Abstract

The reliability of the thermophysical experiment results is largely determined by the accuracy of temperature determination. The arising problem is that the measured temperature does not indicate the temperature that corresponds to the thermal process of the system, because it is already affected by environmental temperatures that are different from the system temperature. The temperature of the object which is measured by the thermometer is the one that has been affected by the ambient temperature. While the one used to calculate the heat is the temperature of the object that is not affected by the ambient temperature. In this case, it is necessary to take into account the temperature correction that follows Newton’s Law for cooling or heating rate for calculating the heat. This research aimed to compare the results of Newton Correction applications on two experiments using calorimeters. One is the experiment of converting electrical energy into heat, popularly known as the Joule’s Law experiment. The second experiment was an energy conservation experiment to determine the ice melting heat (heat of fusion) based on Black’s principle, by mixing water with ice. In Joule’s Law experiment, heat generated from the conversion of electrical energy was used to raise the temperature of the calorimeter and its contents. This meant that the ambient temperature was always smaller than the temperature of the calorimeter. While on the experiment of determining the melting heat of ice, the temperature of the calorimeter and its contents will decrease, then the ambient temperature is always greater than the temperature of the calorimeter. Newton’s correction comparison in the two experiments was evaluated through constant comparison of Newton’s law formulation for cooling or heating rates. The results showed that there was a better result both in Joule’s Law experiment and the Heat of Ice Fusion experiment if Newton Correction is applied without Newton Correction. The value of constant of Newton Correction was obtained in both experiments is in the same order.

Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

Volume Title
Proceedings of the 2nd International Seminar of Science and Applied Technology (ISSAT 2021)
Series
Publication Date
23 November 2021
ISBN
10.2991/aer.k.211106.009
ISSN
2352-5401
DOI
10.2991/aer.k.211106.009How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

TY  - CONF
AU  - Sardjito
AU  - Nani Yuningsih
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/11/23
TI  - Comparison of Newton Correction Between Joule’s Law Experiment and Ice Heat of Fusion Experiment
BT  - Proceedings of the 2nd International Seminar of Science and Applied Technology (ISSAT 2021)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 53
EP  - 57
SN  - 2352-5401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.211106.009
DO  - 10.2991/aer.k.211106.009
ID  - 2021
ER  -