Proceedings of the Joint Symposium on Tropical Studies (JSTS-19)

Increased Benefits of Calamus manan Miq. Fruit by Its Potential Bioactivity

Authors
Heriad Daud Salusu, Farida Ariani, Edy Budiarso, Irawan Wijaya Kusuma, Enos Tangke Arung
Corresponding Author
Heriad Daud Salusu
Available Online 10 April 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210408.030How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Antioxidant, Toxicity, Antibacterial, Rattan, Calamus
Abstract

Rattan manau (Calamus manan Miq.) is one of some commercial rattan species that grow in East Kalimantan forests. Its fruit is edible, similarly to some other species’ fruits, and the local community traditionally uses it as medicine for stomach and toothache. There has not been any research related to investigating its fruit’s benefits for medical purposes or others. This study aims to determine the potential of bioactivity in Calamus manan Miq’s fruit, including some of its properties, such as phytochemical content, antioxidant, toxicity, and antibacterial activity. Parts of fruit, pericarp, flesh and seed were examined by using ethanol as a solvent. The study results show that the pericarp and seed have higher antioxidant activity than fruit flesh where the seed has an IC50 value of 25,04 ppm, the pericarp of 41,17 ppm and fruit flesh of 170,19 ppm. The examination result of toxicity properties using the BSLT (Brine Shrimp Lethality Test) test shows the fruit of rattan manau is not toxic. Examination on antibacterial activity for two types of bacteria showed that pericarp and seeds have antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, rated as an intense level. In contrast, for Streptococcus mutans it is rated as a weak category.

Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the Joint Symposium on Tropical Studies (JSTS-19)
Series
Advances in Biological Sciences Research
Publication Date
10 April 2021
ISBN
978-94-6239-362-2
ISSN
2468-5747
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210408.030How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Heriad Daud Salusu
AU  - Farida Ariani
AU  - Edy Budiarso
AU  - Irawan Wijaya Kusuma
AU  - Enos Tangke Arung
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/04/10
TI  - Increased Benefits of Calamus manan Miq. Fruit by Its Potential Bioactivity
BT  - Proceedings of the Joint Symposium on Tropical Studies (JSTS-19)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 180
EP  - 185
SN  - 2468-5747
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210408.030
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210408.030
ID  - Salusu2021
ER  -