Proceedings of the Joint Symposium on Tropical Studies (JSTS-19)

Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Medicinal Plants in Kwau Village and Silau Villlage, Warmare District, Manokwari District, West Papua

Authors
Susilo Budi Husodo, Enos Tangke Arung, Edy Budiarso, Irawan Wijaya Kusuma
Corresponding Author
Enos Tangke Arung
Available Online 10 April 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210408.057How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Antimicrobial activity, Antioxidant activity, Citotoxicity assay, Phytochemical analysis
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate antimicrobial and antioxidant of medicinal plants in the villages of Kwau and Siau (Phytochemical, antioxidant, anti-bacterial, antifungal, and toxicity). The bark, roots, and leaves are extracted with methanol to get the extract. Antimicrobial activity against Propionibacterium acnes, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus sobrinus, and Candida albicans was determined by a good diffusion method. The DPPH radical scavenging activity mechanism assayed antioxidant activity. Antimicrobial activity against the bacteria and fungi was determined by the agar well diffusion method. Antioxidant activity was tested by DPPH radical rinsing activity mechanism. Toxicity was determined by the Brine Shrimp Lethality Test method. The results showed that methanol extract showed good activity against acne in only 8 of 13 species, ten species of 13 species for E.colii, three species of 13 species for S. sobrinus and, ten species of 13 species for C. albican at 25-500 ppm of extract tested. The toxicity test showed that 0% of the deaths from Artemia salina Leach shrimp indicated that the absence of harmful compounds was toxic in the sample, meaning that it was very safe to be consumed directly by humans, except for the roots of Spondias cytherea Senn and the bark of Inocarpus fragiferua Fosk.

Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the Joint Symposium on Tropical Studies (JSTS-19)
Series
Advances in Biological Sciences Research
Publication Date
10 April 2021
ISBN
978-94-6239-362-2
ISSN
2468-5747
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210408.057How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Susilo Budi Husodo
AU  - Enos Tangke Arung
AU  - Edy Budiarso
AU  - Irawan Wijaya Kusuma
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/04/10
TI  - Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Medicinal Plants in Kwau Village and Silau Villlage, Warmare District, Manokwari District, West Papua
BT  - Proceedings of the Joint Symposium on Tropical Studies (JSTS-19)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 337
EP  - 347
SN  - 2468-5747
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210408.057
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210408.057
ID  - Husodo2021
ER  -