Proceedings of the Joint Symposium on Tropical Studies (JSTS-19)

Characterization of Rubber Shell Liquid Smoke at Various Pyrolysis Temperatures and the Application to Latex Coagulant

Authors
Yuni Adiningsih, Fauziati, Ageng Priatni, Haspiadi
Corresponding Author
Yuni Adiningsih
Available Online 10 April 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210408.070How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Rubber Shell, Pyrolysis, Liquid Smoke, GCMS
Abstract

Rubber commodities in East Kalimantan have a significant growth area. From 2008 to 2017, the rubber plantation area’s growth averaged 3.79%, with rubber production growth up to 4.88% per year. In addition to producing rubber latex, which is the main product of rubber trees, it also produced many rubber shells. With the vast achievement of rubber plantation area in East Kalimantan, the rubber shells production will increase as well so that it has the potential to become untapped waste. The test results of the chemical content of rubber shells taken from smallholder plantations in the Marang Kayu area contain high halo cellulose and alpha-cellulose levels, about 76.7% and 44.267 so that it has the potential to be processed into liquid smoke. Research has been carried out on rubber shell liquid smokes manufacture using a pyrolysis process with various temperatures of 250-300oC, 300-350oC, 350-400oC and 400-425oC. The highest liquid smoke rendement is at pyrolysis temperatures of 300-350oC, maximum decomposition process of cellulose and lignin content happened from rubber shells. The highest acid content test on liquid smoke by titrimetric was shown at the pyrolysis temperature of 350-400oC, about 12%. Identification of the chemical content of liquid smoke using GCMS was obtained with the highest content in acid products and their derivatives, with an area of acetic acid of 54.43%. Liquid smoke of rubber shells formed has a pH of 3.4 so that it can be used as a latex coagulant and produce rubber quality of SIR 5 sheets according to SNI 1903-2011.

Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the Joint Symposium on Tropical Studies (JSTS-19)
Series
Advances in Biological Sciences Research
Publication Date
10 April 2021
ISBN
978-94-6239-362-2
ISSN
2468-5747
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210408.070How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Yuni Adiningsih
AU  - Fauziati
AU  - Ageng Priatni
AU  - Haspiadi
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/04/10
TI  - Characterization of Rubber Shell Liquid Smoke at Various Pyrolysis Temperatures and the Application to Latex Coagulant
BT  - Proceedings of the Joint Symposium on Tropical Studies (JSTS-19)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 423
EP  - 428
SN  - 2468-5747
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210408.070
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.210408.070
ID  - Adiningsih2021
ER  -