Measuring the Vitality of Konjo Language in South Sulawesi Province of Indonesia
- 10.2991/assehr.k.211226.050How to use a DOI?
- Ethnolinguistic vitality; strength differential; intergroup discordance; intergroup distance; utilitarianism
Generally, local languages in Indonesia are only used as spoken languages so the ability to survive is greatly influenced by their level of vitality. The number of local languages that are being threatened to be extinct is getting increased, especially for minority languages. This study aims to measure the level of ethnolinguistic vitality of the Konjo language as one of the minority languages in South Sulawesi province. The level of language vitality is measured using the framework of Ehala’s V-Model. This model specifies the structural relationship between its four key variables that affect the vitality of ethnolinguistic group: (1) perceived strength differential (PSD) between the in-group (‘us’) and the most prominent out-group (‘them’); (2) the level of intergroup discordance (D); (3) perceived intergroup distance (R); and (4) the level of utilitarianism (U) in the value system of the group studied. Data are collected using a vitality questionnaire from 151 samples of the Konjo community distributed in the Bulukumba district and analyzed quantitatively with a mathematical formula (V = R. ((S-we - S-they) + D / U). The results show that the level of ethnolinguistic vitality of the Konjo language is at 0.36 points on a 0-1 scale. So, it can be concluded that the Konjo Language in Bulukumba currently still has a high level of vitality. It indicates that the Konjo community is a strong minority community in the Bulukumba district of South Sulawesi province.
- © 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press SARL.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Sri Ningsih AU - Zulkhaeriyah Zulkhaeriyah PY - 2021 DA - 2021/12/27 TI - Measuring the Vitality of Konjo Language in South Sulawesi Province of Indonesia BT - Proceedings of the International Congress of Indonesian Linguistics Society (KIMLI 2021) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 252 EP - 256 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.211226.050 DO - 10.2991/assehr.k.211226.050 ID - Ningsih2021 ER -