Argument Structure in Indonesian Passive Voice
Universal Grammar Analyses
- 10.2991/assehr.k.211226.066How to use a DOI?
- argument structure; passive voice; thematic relation; principles and parameters
In linguistic research, Indonesian language is claimed as a language that is marginalized in its study. Also, from universal grammar study, Indonesian, particularly Indonesian passive voice does not seem to have been discussed properly. Therefore, this paper aims at explaining that Indonesian passive voice has argument structures which are tied up by thematic relations so, from the perspective of universal grammar (UG), the number and types of elements categorized as principles and parameters can be determined. Data taken from the Kompas newspaper and the results of the research show that there are only two elements in the formation of Indonesian passive voice. The first and the main element is the predicate argument which consists of passive verbs, and the second one is the subject element with five semantic roles, namely (1) objective subject, (2) patient subject, (3) benefactive subject, (4) receptive subject, and (5) locative subject. Numbers (1) and (2) can be further divided into thirteen and nine thematic relations, respectively. These results indicate that Indonesian passive voices are very abstract, complex, and varied. However, all of them can be mastered by children in a short time without the need to take grammar courses. The only learning effort undertaken by children is by listening and getting stimulation in the form of the language exposed by the people around them. It also proves that there is a universal grammar principle (UG) which is innate to everyone’s nature and that principle then underlies all language structures in this universe. This also validates that in every native speaker there is a sub-component of the lexicon in the form of vocabulary richness capital along with information on how to pronounce, form, and mean. Behind this, it is believed that there is also an embedded competence in the form of sub-component of a computational system, which is in the form of the ability to combine and arrange words in a certain order and manner, so based on native speakers’ intuition they can distinguish grammatical and non-grammatical structure.
- © 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press SARL.
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Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Kamsinah Kamsinah AU - Muhammad Darwis AU - Ainun Fatimah AU - Muhammad Ali Imran PY - 2021 DA - 2021/12/27 TI - Argument Structure in Indonesian Passive Voice BT - Proceedings of the International Congress of Indonesian Linguistics Society (KIMLI 2021) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 346 EP - 350 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.211226.066 DO - 10.2991/assehr.k.211226.066 ID - Kamsinah2021 ER -