The Use of the Makassar Dialect of Indonesian in the Native Speakers in the Gowa District
- 10.2991/assehr.k.211226.048How to use a DOI?
- Makassar language; Indonesia language; morphological influence
Makassarese speakers are bilingual. They are generally domiciled in the southern part of South Sulawesi Province, especially in Gowa Regency. The alternation of Makassarese and Indonesian languages has the consequence of mutual influence at various levels, including the morphological level. This study aims to describe the form of words and the meaning carried by each word due to the morphological influence of the Makassar language on the Indonesian language. This research is a type of descriptive research. Sources of data are the speeches of respondents who live in Gowa Regency as twenty people who were selected purposively based on occupation (employees, teachers, traders, and students); age (between 18-47 years); and education (junior till high school). The data were analyzed according to the properties of the morphemes and then transcribed according to their basic forms. The results showed that the morphological influence of the Makassar language into Indonesian has certain characteristics, namely the presence of a bound element in the form of clitics. There are clitics in the form of personal pronouns; some are in the form of particles. Clitics derived from personal pronouns consist of neutral or familiar pronouns and honorific or polite pronouns. There are clitics in the form of particles that function as affirmations while others act as markers of time or time. These clitics can be attached to the class of nouns, verbs, adjectives, numerals by carrying different meanings according to the context of the speech.
- © 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press SARL.
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Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Asriani Abbas PY - 2021 DA - 2021/12/27 TI - The Use of the Makassar Dialect of Indonesian in the Native Speakers in the Gowa District BT - Proceedings of the International Congress of Indonesian Linguistics Society (KIMLI 2021) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 243 EP - 247 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.211226.048 DO - 10.2991/assehr.k.211226.048 ID - Abbas2021 ER -