Lexical Resonance of Makassarese Language in the Text of Red Brick-Making S in Gowa District, South Sulawesi: Language and Cultural Perspective
- 10.2991/assehr.k.211226.063How to use a DOI?
- mantra; resonance; Makassar; language; culture
This paper is the result of research that discusses how the types of mantras are in each stage of the red brick manufacturing process and how the effects of the Makassar language lexical resonance contained in the mantra text have succeeded in supporting the family economy for the red brick making job hundreds of years. This research is exploratory qualitative research that aims to explore the relationship between language and culture based on the reflection of the content of the mantra text in the Makassar cultural context. The data source of this research is the text of the mantra in Makassar language at the six stages of the red brick-making process. Data collection techniques were carried out by direct observation techniques, interviews, documentation techniques. Data analysis uses the Kramsch version of the language and culture theory framework. The results of this study found 6 (six) types of s at six stages of the red brick manufacturing process, namely s in the process of selecting clay, making bricks, drying bricks, arranging bricks, burning bricks, and closing the process of burning bricks. At all stages of the brick-making process indicate the substance of the is a request to the Creator and owner of the earth (land) and sun/fire for protection and blessings. In the process of compiling the bricks, the contents of the mantra contain a request for the union of the powers of the angels, the Prophet Adam, and the prophet Muhammad; while the process of burning the bricks contains a request to the angel Malik (the guardian of hell) who controls the hellfire to give fire to the red brick burning process. The mantra in the closing process of burning red bricks contains a wish for the hope that the results of burning red bricks are maximized so that the results can be used for the necessities of life during the world and the hereafter. The red brick making mantra is a local knowledge possessed by the Makassarese ethnic group in Gowa district and passed down from generation to generation which seems to have a very strong lexical resonance effect when the mantra is recited, which has been proven for hundreds of years by people who work as red brick makers. This is in line with Kramsch’s concept of the relationship between language and culture that language expresses cultural reality where language can express facts, ideas, events, attitudes, beliefs of its people. The mantra of making red bricks in Makassar language as Makassar’s ethnic identity proves that it can resonate strongly to knit a prosperous life for people who still believe in and believe in it.
- © 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press SARL.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Ery Iswary AU - Nur Muhlis PY - 2021 DA - 2021/12/27 TI - Lexical Resonance of Makassarese Language in the Text of Red Brick-Making S in Gowa District, South Sulawesi: Language and Cultural Perspective BT - Proceedings of the International Congress of Indonesian Linguistics Society (KIMLI 2021) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 329 EP - 333 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.211226.063 DO - 10.2991/assehr.k.211226.063 ID - Iswary2021 ER -