Proceedings of the 3rd Annual International Conference on Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering (MME 2016)

Biomechanical Analysis of Achilles Tendon Stretch And Plantar Fascia Stretch In Plantar Fasciitis Treatment

Authors
Jie Hu, Dong-Mei Wang, Wen-Ting Yang, Qin-Yang Guo, Guang-Lin Shi
Corresponding Author
Jie Hu
Available Online December 2016.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/mme-16.2017.9How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Achilles Stretch, Plantar Stretch, Plantar Fasciitis, Biomechanics, Simulation.
Abstract
This paper aims to simulate two stretching methods adopted in plantar fasciitis treatment in MSC.ADAMS, Achilles tendon stretch and plantar fascia stretch. Clinical evidence has been accumulated that stretching is effective in relieving heel pain caused by plantar fasciitis. While plantar fascia stretching is conceived to be more effective than the traditional Achilles tendon stretch, the reason leading to this difference has not been identified yet. A multi-segment foot model consisted of ligaments, plantar fascia, plantar soft tissue was constructed and then validated by comparing the ground reaction forces and joint rotation angles obtained in a gait simulation with previous research results. The model was then applied in finding out the root cause in these two stretching methods by analysing the deformation of plantar fascia. Achilles tendon stretch was performed to collect kinematic data of tibia using NDI, which was used to drive the simulation. In the plantar fascia stretch, a rotational plate was placed beneath the fore-foot and had a range of motion from 0ø to 20ø. The forefoot was supported and lifted to simulate the stretching process. Deformation of the plantar fascia under two stretching methods were compared. The result shows that average deformation in Achilles tendon is smaller than that of plantar fascia stretch which may cause the therapeutic difference between these two stretch methods. This analysis method could also be applied in refining physical therapy treatment.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Download article (PDF)

Proceedings
3rd Annual International Conference on Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering (MME 2016)
Part of series
Advances in Engineering Research
Publication Date
December 2016
ISBN
978-94-6252-303-6
ISSN
2352-5401
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/mme-16.2017.9How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Jie Hu
AU  - Dong-Mei Wang
AU  - Wen-Ting Yang
AU  - Qin-Yang Guo
AU  - Guang-Lin Shi
PY  - 2016/12
DA  - 2016/12
TI  - Biomechanical Analysis of Achilles Tendon Stretch And Plantar Fascia Stretch In Plantar Fasciitis Treatment
BT  - 3rd Annual International Conference on Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering (MME 2016)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2352-5401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/mme-16.2017.9
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/mme-16.2017.9
ID  - Hu2016/12
ER  -