The Urban-Rural Education Inequality in 21st Century China
- 10.2991/assehr.k.211011.060How to use a DOI?
- Education Inequality, Compulsory Education Law Policy, Urban-rural differences
China, as one of the fastest developing communist countries, has put enormous effort into narrowing the gap between urban-rural groups. Equality remains a hallmark of a communist country’s ultimate success, and this paper focuses on the education reform policy’s impact on and general trend of urban-rural education inequality in 21st century China. For this research, we assessed 1626 people from the generation born in the 1980’s and 1095 people from the generation born in the 1990’s through the Mare transition model. We evaluated the policy’s impact on and the trend of urban-rural education inequality through evaluation of the attainment of highest degrees by the aforementioned generations. The result showed that within two decades, the education gap between urban and rural students quickly narrows. Although there is still some level of urban-rural education inequality in high schools and colleges, most of it is diminished. This result of diminishing inequality in a more and more industrialized country also supports the Industrialization thesis, which states that as a country becomes more industrialized, education resources will be distributed more evenly based on personal abilities than on family backgrounds. This research demonstrates the efficacy of the Amendment of Compulsory Education Law of 2006 from the Chinese central government in reducing the gap between urban and rural groups in order to get a sufficient education.
- © 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Xingyu Wu AU - Haoran Zhang AU - Yi Hu PY - 2021 DA - 2021/10/12 TI - The Urban-Rural Education Inequality in 21st Century China BT - Proceedings of the 2021 6th International Conference on Modern Management and Education Technology（MMET 2021） PB - Atlantis Press SP - 332 EP - 340 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.211011.060 DO - 10.2991/assehr.k.211011.060 ID - Wu2021 ER -