The Impact of Free Preschool Education on Educational Inequality in China
- https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.211011.085How to use a DOI?
- free preschool education, educational inequality, Gini coefficient of education, China
Preschool education has the highest rate of return among all education levels, but China has only made primary and secondary education free and compulsory rather than preschools (In China, preschool and kindergarten both refer to the education of children aged 3-6. The terms are interchangeable in this paper.). In 2012, Tibet implemented a free preschool education policy. This paper uses a two-step method to evaluate the impact of this policy on educational inequality, measured by Gini coefficients of education. First, we use the difference-in-differences (DD) model to showcase the policy’s impact on several intermediate factors. Then, we run a multiple linear regression to examine how the intermediate factors affect educational inequality. Finally, we apply the Chi-square goodness-of-fit test to compare different provinces’ contributions to educational inequality. Results support that the free preschool education policy reduces inequality through improving faculty educational attainment and increasing kindergarten accessibility. Evidence suggests that implementation of similar free preschool education policies in Ningxia and Yunnan might further reduce inequality.
- © 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Ziqi Weng AU - Jiayi Tang AU - Keyu Liu PY - 2021 DA - 2021/10/12 TI - The Impact of Free Preschool Education on Educational Inequality in China BT - Proceedings of the 2021 6th International Conference on Modern Management and Education Technology（MMET 2021） PB - Atlantis Press SP - 462 EP - 472 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.211011.085 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.211011.085 ID - Weng2021 ER -