Proceedings of the 2nd Public Health International Conference (PHICo 2017)

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40 articles
Proceedings Article

Anticancer Activity of Vernonia amygdalina Del. Extract on WiDr Colon Cancer Cell Line

Ramadhan Bestari, M. Farid Ichwan, Mustofa Mustofa, Denny Satria
Colon cancer is the third most common cancer in men and second in women. Cancer treatments include chemotherapy, but some chemotheraphy drugs are resistant. Vernonia amygdalina Del. is one of the most widely reported plant that can inhibit the growth of various cancer cell lines. This study aims to examine...
Proceedings Article

Self Determined Plan to Reduce The Risk of Pesticide Tocixity in Karo

Sri Fajar Ayu, Destanul Aulia, Anisah Baharom
Farmers in Desa Gajah, Simpang Empat Subdistrict, Karo, use pesticide to protect their crop from pests and diseases. Poor self-determined pland to reduce the risk of pesticide toxicity among farmers ruined the safe usage of the pesticide. This conditions warrants further research on the usage of personal...
Proceedings Article

Effectiveness of Rinsing Black Tea Compared to Green Tea in Decreasing Oral Bacterial Counts as an Alternative of Caries Prevention

Gema Nazri Yanti, Ranu Putra Armidin
Herbal mouthwash is considered as an alternative regimen in maintaining oral hygiene. Tea contains compounds such as catechin and tannin which possess bactericidal and bacteriostatic effect which helps to prevent dental caries. This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness between rinsing with...
Proceedings Article

The Influence of Knowledge Towards Prevention of Malaria in Relapse Patients in Sawang Subdistrict, Aceh Selatan Regency

Sri Rosita, Ida Yustina, Irna Irnawati Marsaulina
Malaria is one of a contagious infectious disease that has been a public health problem. Sawang Subdistrict which is located in Aceh Selatan district is an endemic malaria area. The objective of this research is to analyse the influence of knowledge toward prevention of malaria in relapse patients at...
Proceedings Article

Factors Associated With Obesity Among Adolescents in Surakarta City

Dittasari Putriana, Dono Indarto, Adi Magna Patriadi Nuhriawangsa
The prevalence of obesity in children and adolescents in the world has continouosly increased. Some adolescents who lack night sleep tend to consume less plain water and more sweet beverages. Therefore, it will increase energy intake and decrease energy expenditure. This study aimed to analyze the association...
Proceedings Article

The Importance of Attribute of Health Services for Primary Health Centre According to the Farmer in Simpang Empat District, Karo Regency

Destanul Aulia, Sri Fajar Ayu, Eddy Syahrial
The basic objective of restructuring Primary Health Service such as Puskesmas is to strengthen the function of public health efforts and individual health efforts, so that the community as the user of Puskesmas health services can make the Puskesmas as a place for health, not just facilities for the...
Proceedings Article

The Difference of Albumin, Tryptophan Amino Acid and IL-17 in Several Stages of Leprosy

Mohammad Zen Rahfiludin, Siti Fatimah, Adriyan Pramono, Diana Nur Afifah, Onny Setiani, Diana Nurhayati Affandi
Nutrition linked to multiple components, systems, and processes, including those occurring during diseases, such as infection. Leprosy can be regarded as the most infectious, transmittable and long lasting disease among all infectious diseases. There have been many researches that examine nutrition with...
Proceedings Article

Identifying Healthcare Management Obstacles Through The Eyes Of Healthcare Managers

Wye Lee Chiew, Aniza Ismail
The demand for healthcare services often exceeds available resources, yet healthcare managers were expected to deliver better healthcare services. Healthcare management obstacles could either make or break the healthcare manager and bring about a few kinds of performance outcome; successful, mediocre...
Proceedings Article

Acceptance of Teleconsultation Among Doctors and The Determinant Factors in Teaching Hospital in Malaysia

Laila Abushaar, Aniza Ismail
The recent introduction of information technology has improved the quality of healthcare services. In many developing countries, including Malaysia, patients suffer from a shortage of trained medical specialists and Tele-consultation would ease the access to the specialists. We need to know if doctors...
Proceedings Article

Climate Change And Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever In Banggai Regency

Erni Yusnita Lalusu, Herawati Herawati, Nasrin Kodim
Climate change has caused various social impacts such as changing of ecosystem and increasing tropical diseases i.e Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF). The tropical area which has high humidity has more potential to breed aedes agypti rather than other areas. The pattern of DHF in the District of Banggai...
Proceedings Article

Relationship Between Particulate Matter (PM10) Concentration and House Environmental Factor with Symptoms of Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) on Children Under Five in Rawa Terate Health Centre, Cakung Sub-district in 2017

Rizki Zahrotul Hayati, Dewi Utami Iriani
Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) still become health problem for developing countries, especially in Indonesia. Children under five are the group with the highest incidence of ARI in Indonesia. DKI Jakarta Province is one of the provinces that have higher period prevalence of ARI than the national period...
Proceedings Article

Perspective of PMO in Compliance of Madurese Ethnic Tuberculosis Patient in Tapal Kuda Regions

Irma Prasetyowati, Ida Srisurani Wiji A, Akhmad Haryono
Tuberculosis cases in Indonesia are ranked at the top 10 in the world, in which East Java Province is at the 2nd highest tuberculosis cases from 33 provinces in Indonesia. In East Java, the problem of severe tuberculosis occurs in such Tapal Kuda regions as Jember, Bondowoso and Lumajang. The Case Notification...
Proceedings Article

Obesity and Hypertension among Adults in Mantang Integrated Health Services for Non-communicable Diseases, Bintan District, Riau Islands

Leni Jayanti
Hypertension is called as the "silent killer" because people with hypertension often do not know themselves have hypertension. This condition which is known as uncontrolled hypertension will cause various complications, especially stroke, heart attack, and kidney failure which can lead to death. Obesity...
Proceedings Article

Reminding Factors Anemia Events On Pregnant Woman in Endemis Malaria at Kapuas Regency Central Kalimantan Indonesia

I Made Winarta, Miko Triyunis
Anemia is still a public health problem in several countries around the world, including in Indonesia. In Indonesia there are 15 million cases of anemia that cause 38,000 deaths every year. The percentage of Anemia in 2007 in the province of Central Kalimantan was 13.5%, still above the national percentage...
Proceedings Article

Occupational Safety and Health Behaviour of The Cleanliness Service Workers in Medan

Umi Salmah, Arfah Mardiana Lubis, Isyatun Mardhiyah Syahri
Human factor occupies a very important position against the occurrence of work accidents that is between 80-85%. Health Safety and Environment Accident Prevention Unit said that 90% of the accidents were caused by human errors and 70% of them can be prevented. The accident prevention effort in Indonesia...
Proceedings Article

Dominant Factors Affecting In Quality Of Life Menopause Women

Imarina Tarigan, Sri Rahayu Sanusi
Menopause is a condition when physiological menstruation cycle concerning the human growing older. The increase in the number of growing old women will have its own problem with complaints about menopause. Although it does not cause death, it brings about uncomfortable condition and sometimes disturbs...
Proceedings Article

Nutritional Quality of Bread from Mixture of Arrowroot Flour (Marantha arundinacea L.) and Wheat Flour

Etti Sudaryati, Ernawati Nasution, Fitri Ardiani
Marantha arundinacea L. or arrowroot is a tropical plant that can be taken tuber as processed food product. This plant bulbs can be made flour to produce food, such as fresh bread done in this study. The research was conducted in 2017 at the Nutrition Lab of the Faculty of Public Health of the University...
Proceedings Article

Process and Outcome Evaluation of “Living with X”: A Body Mapping Workshop in the Time of HIV and AIDS

Frans Judea Samosir, Nathan Hansen, Bret Anders Ringdahl
In the US alone, 1.2 million people were diagnosed with HIV in 2013 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2015). People living with HIV experience stigma-related disadvantages that affect their quality of life. Stigma manifests in multiple forms (e.g. prejudice and discrimination) (Mahajan,...
Proceedings Article

Prevalence of Adolescent Prehypertension and Its Correlation with Sleep Duration and Light Condition

Hardaning A. Marantha, Dono Indarto, Lilik Kartikasari
Night sleep duration, lights on and night light exposure can elevate blood pressure in adolescents which lead to prehypertension. Therefore this study aimed to analyse night sleep duration, lights on and night light exposure with prehypertension in adolescents. This cross sectional study recruited 160...
Proceedings Article

Low Vitamin D Intake Can Increase Prediabetes in Female Adolescents in Surakarta City

Nafilah Nafilah, Dono Indarto, Adi Magna Patriadi Nuhriawangsa
Prediabetic adolescents have higher risk to suffer diabetes mellitus in adulthood periode. The role of calcium and vitamin D intake in prediabetes risk is debatable. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between calcium and vitamin D intake and prediabetes in adolescents. The analytic...
Proceedings Article

A New Diabetic Management Using Standardized Diet and Post Meal Plyometric Exercise

Dwipajati Dwipajati, Dono Indarto, Paramasari Dirgahayu
Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the world has increased significantly in the last decades. Post meal physical exercise studies could improves blood glucose levels in diabetic patients. Plyometric exercise is a simple body movement that usually uses in body weight management. Therefore the aim of this...
Proceedings Article

Development of Rat Model with Iron Deficiency Anemia by Modification of Its Standard Food

Tri Susanti, Paramasari Dirgahayu, Dono Indarto
Anemia is a nutritional problem in the world which is mainly caused iron deficiency and its global prevalence reaches 29-43%. Animal models with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) have been generated in some research centers but they used different standard diets and need longer time. Therefore the aim of...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Food Poisoning in DKI Jakarta 2016 (Indonesian National Agency Drug and Food Control)

Fatikhatul Mabruroh, Ratri Ciptaningtyas
Food poisoning is a public health problem in Indonesia. DKI Jakarta is one of the provinces that has a higher number of cases and reports completeness than other provinces ie 213 cases and 94.6% respectively. INADFC which is the source of data in this study has done an analysis of existing data, but...
Proceedings Article

High Prevalence Anemia in Female Adolescents with Low Intake of Vitamins and Minerals

Ani Noviani, Dono Indarto, Ari Probandari
Anemia is a global public health problem which female adolescents are one of the most vulnerable age groups. Anemia in female adolescents which is caused by micronutrients deficiency can influence physical growth and academic performance. Vitamin and mineral have important roles in erythrocyte formation...
Proceedings Article

Anticancer Activity of Eleutherine bulbosa (Mill.) Urb. Extract on WiDr Cell Line In Vitro

Ichwan Alamsyah Lubis, M. Farid Ichwan, Mustofa Mustofa, Denny Satria
Colon cancer is third of cancer cases that occur in the world's population. The incidence of new cases in men are 614.300 and women are 746.300, while the death rate in men are 373.600 and in women are 320.300. Colon cancer treatments are surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. The problem with chemotherapy...
Proceedings Article

Chrome Hole Dermatitis Due To Work Habit Of Electroplating Workers In Candi, Sidoarjo, Indonesia

Abdul Hakim Zakkiy Fasya, M. Farid Lusno
Objectives: Electroplating industry using hexavalent chromium (Cr6+) for main ingredient to metal plating. Chromium when contact with skin can cause dermatitis. This study aimed to analyze chrome hole dermatitis on electroplating workers due to their work habit in one of electroplating industry in Sidoarjo....
Proceedings Article

The Influence of Risk Factors on The Emergence of Melasma on Female Street Sweeper in The Environmental Departement in Lhokseumawe 2017

Devi Andriani, Gerry Silaban, Rahayu Lubis
Melasma is a manifestation disorder of hypermelanosis. The incidence of melasma will result in a disruption of the facial skin as well as may cause a decrease in confidence in the sufferer, the incidence of melasma is still unknown, but the case is predominant in women than in men occurring up to 10%...
Proceedings Article

Comparison of Lipid Profile in Obese-Hypertensive and Non Hypertensive

Mutiara Indah Sari, Rusdiana Rusdiana, Siti Syarifah, Dewi Indah Sari, Maya Savira
Obesity is one of the world's health problems. The increase in obesity is associated with increasing degenerative diseases such as hypertension. Hypertension is one of the main risk factors for mortality in the world. One of comorbid disease in patients with hypertension will increase mortility is dyslipidemia...
Proceedings Article

Participation of Dog Owners on Rabies Prevention in Medan, Indonesia

Rona Meilysa Pasaribu, Ida Yustina, Taufik Ashar
Indonesia has an average of 197 cases per year of human rabies deaths in the last 5 years. We investigated socio-demographic, knowledge and attitudes related to rabies that influenced participation of dog owners on rabies prevention through the interviewed based questionnaire. This research was conducted...
Proceedings Article

Determinant Analysis of Recovery Treatment for Tuberculosis Patients in Medan City

Chinta Yolanda Sari, Sorimuda Sarumpaet, Fazidah Aguslina Siregar
Tuberculosis is still global problem in the world. Indonesia was the second ranked with the highest Tuberculosis cases in the world. Based on the National Tuberculosis Program, the success rate of Tuberculosis treatment is 85%. Medan city is one area in North Sumatera Province with high incidence of...
Proceedings Article

The Relationship of Dietary Pattern with Health Status of Elderly in the Area of Teladan Health Center in Medan

Henny Oktaviani Siregar, Erna Mutiara, Linda Maas
Globally, the elderly population is predicted to increase continously. The elderly population in Indonesia is predicted to increase higher than the population in the world. The increase is accompanied by dietary changes that affect the health status of the elderly. This research was conducted at Teladan...
Proceedings Article

The Relationship between Noise Intensity and Hearing Function Disorder in Ground Handling Workers at Kualanamu International Airport

Safrina Ramadhani, Gerry Silaban, Wirsal Hasan
Noise is all unwanted sounds sourced from the tools of production process or work tools that in some degree may cause hearig function disorder. Noise with treshold level value (TLV) of 85 dB is considered safe for most workers when they are working 8 hours per day or 40 hours per week.The objective of...
Proceedings Article

The Analysis of The Breast Cancer Causes at Generat Hospital Dr. Pirngadi Medan

Winda Maulinasari Nasution, Asfriyati Asfriyati, Fazidah Aguslina Siregar
Breast cancer is reproductive health problem which causes deaths. In Indonesia, breast cancer is the second highest new cases 43.4% with deaths 12.9%. There were 2.641 women affected by breast cancer at general hospital Dr. Pirngadi Hospital, Medan, in the period of 2012-2016. The objective of the research...
Proceedings Article

Nurses’ Performance in Preventing Healthcare Associated Infections at Murni Teguh Memorial Hospital in 2017

Hadi Marzuki, Ida Yustina, Destanul Aulia
High mortality and morbidity due to Healthcare Associated Infections (HAI’s) is one of the public health problem. Healthcare associated infections incidence at Murni Teguh Memorial Hospital is still high, such as the incidence of urinary tract infection that reach 14.7 percentile and the incidence of...
Proceedings Article

Serum Levels of Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha in Chronic Schizophrenic Versus Healthy Control and Correlation with Severity of Illness

Rona Hanani Simamora, Bahagia Loebis
Schizophrenia is a common psychotic disorder, with a risk of about 1%, the aetiology of schizophrenia unknown, one of which includes immunological disorders. Although, there are conflicting results, most studies focusing on plasma levels or the production of mitogen-stimulated cytokines, such as tumor...
Proceedings Article

Relationship Between The Intensity of Noise and Blood Pressure of Operator at PT. Pupuk Iskandar Muda

Cut Saura Salmira, Gerry Silaban, Fazidah Aguslina Siregar
High noise may cause physiological impact such as increased of blood pressure (± 10 mmHg). The source of noise at factories is usually produced from turbine, compressor, pump and other processing equipment. This can affect the blood pressure of operators in PT. Pupuk Iskandar Muda Lhokseumawe fertilizer...
Proceedings Article

The Relationship Between Basic Sanitation and Personal Hygiene with The Incidence of Diarrhea In Medan City

Rina Amelia
Diarrhea is still a public health problem in developing countries. The availability of basic sanitation such as clean water, the use of latrines, the disposal of wastewater, the garbage disposal, the house and the healthy environment and the cultivation of clean and healthy living behaviors in daily...
Proceedings Article

Risk Assessment of Mercury Exposure in The Gold Processing Community in Krueng Kalee Village, South Aceh

Rizki Srimaulia Hartati, Nurmaini Nurmaini, Taufik Ashar
Gold processing activities of artisanal gold mining at Krueng Kalee Village is using a method called amalgamation. Amalgamation method is a process of binding the gold metal from gold ore by using mercury in a tromol tube. The waste from the amalgamation process is released directly to the environment...
Proceedings Article

The Relationship of Eating Habits, Physical Activities, Food Choises with Obesity among Students in Public Senior High School Medan

Vera Chitra Dewi Saragih, Etti Sudaryati, R. Kintoko Rochadi
The prevalence of obese adolescents aged 16-18 in Indonesia is 1.6%, in North Sumatra Province is 1.4%, and in Medan is 3.18%. In school children, the incidence of obesity becomes a serious problem because it will continue until they grow up. The purpose of this research was to analyze the relationship...
Proceedings Article

Improving Patient Satisfaction Based on Customer Atisfaction Index (CSI) Analysis in Natural Esthetic Clinic Makassar

Setya Haksama, Badai Septa Wahyudadi
The opportunities and challenges of the health clinic business are enormous with extremely competitive levels, including oral and dental services at the Natural Esthetic Clinic (NEC) clinic of Makassar. It was necessary to measure the level of patient satisfaction with the services provided periodically....