Proceedings of the Fourth Prasasti International Seminar on Linguistics (Prasasti 2018)

The Fulfilment of Student's Deficiency Need by Teacher's Directive Speech Act Strategy

Authors
Sumarti Sumarti, Mulyanto Widodo, Iing Sunarti
Corresponding Author
Sumarti Sumarti
Available Online August 2018.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/prasasti-18.2018.80How to use a DOI?
Keywords
deficiency need; directive speech act; affective color response; heuristic analysis
Abstract

There are many studies on directive speech act from politeness perspective. However, those studies only focus on speaker’s perspective such as the form of speech, speech act strategy, and contextual influences on speech act choices in interpersonal relations.The attention which is relatively less given is on the effects of speech on interlocutor, particularly their reaction and response. Therefore, this paper of study result give the effects of speech act on interlocutor in instructional or learning context, particularly the effects of teacher’s directive speech act strategy on student’s emotional response/affective color. Each student has deficiency need, such as love, affection and self esteem as the basic needs which should be fulfilled in advance before growth need. Student who feels not being loved and respected will not has strong motivation to achieve the goal in growth need. Student who feels being loved and respectedwill like to study, creative, and optimal in self actualization. This study use qualitative-phenomenology research design and data collection technique through observation, recording bug, questionnaire and interview; whereas data analysis through heuristic analysis, domain and taxonomy. The result of study showed that the communication function of directive speech act strategy used by Bahasa Indonesia teachers consist of commanding, requesting, forbidding, suggesting, asking, and inviting which are realized directly and indirectly. Teacher’s directive speech act strategy which get positive affective response from students are (a) direct speech, (b) contain praise(c) use greeting as sign of love and name, (d) avoid the use of words saya and kamu, (e) involve speaker and interlocutor in activity, (f) use the sign of polite request, (g) contain joke, (h) consider interlocutor’s desire, (i) strive for agreement, and (j) indirect speech. Teacher’s directive speech act strategy which get negative affective response from students are speech which (a) indirectly contain irony, (b) greet with interjection, (c) compare, and (d) contain denunciation. Affective color as emotional sign much influence cognitive learning process, motivation, and class interaction. This emphasize the importance ofteachers to do emotional regulation in classroom. Through directive speech act strategy which is good and effective, teacher maintain students emotion to be always positive, namelyhappy, glad, and enthusiastic in learning.

Copyright
© 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the Fourth Prasasti International Seminar on Linguistics (Prasasti 2018)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
August 2018
ISBN
978-94-6252-542-9
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/prasasti-18.2018.80How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Sumarti Sumarti
AU  - Mulyanto Widodo
AU  - Iing Sunarti
PY  - 2018/08
DA  - 2018/08
TI  - The Fulfilment of Student's Deficiency Need by Teacher's Directive Speech Act Strategy
BT  - Proceedings of the Fourth Prasasti International Seminar on Linguistics (Prasasti 2018)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 434
EP  - 439
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/prasasti-18.2018.80
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/prasasti-18.2018.80
ID  - Sumarti2018/08
ER  -