Proceedings of the 9th Annual Meeting of Risk Analysis Council of China Association for Disaster Prevention (RAC 2020)

Statistics and Countermeasures on the Risk of Poverty Alleviation of Farmers in the Poor Area

Authors
Xiaojun Pan, Chengyi Pu
Corresponding Author
Chengyi Pu
Available Online 12 April 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.210409.025How to use a DOI?
Keywords
risk of poverty, poverty level, precise poverty alleviation
Abstract
The western ethnic regions are typical areas of deep poverty in our country. The main reasons for the high incidence of poverty are the loss or lack of income-increasing opportunities and ability of farmers due to multidimensional risks such as endemic diseases, disasters, and lack of education. Multi-dimensional risks have led to insufficient development motivation of farmers and hindered family production and business activities, leading to insecure household income of farmers, and it has become a common phenomenon to cause (return) poverty due to illness (disaster). Existing researches rarely analyze the inherent relationship between the risks faced by farmers and their income channels and the degree of poverty. This paper takes the poor peasant households in 18 ethnic villages in the western ethnic regions as a sample, and conducts a questionnaire survey in the form of on-site interviews with the main labor force or the head of the household. Through descriptive statistics and multiple regression model analysis, it is found that there is a significant correlation between the status of farmers, the risks they face in their main income channels, and different levels of poverty. The level of education, health, and labor skills have different effects on farmers with different levels of poverty. Agricultural production and sales barriers, agricultural disasters, environmental disadvantages, insecure wages and construction periods for migrant workers, accidental injuries and other risks that affect farmers’ income also have significant differences in the impact of different levels of poverty. Following the design concept of “industry cultivation is the foundation, increasing residents’ income is the core, a better life is the goal, and risk management is the soul”, the industrial risk chain of “eco-fragile-frequent disasters-production difficulties” and “emergency diseases-” Falling into poverty-loss of labor” health risk chain, through the built-in financial insurance model innovation, coordinated with the adjustment of the organization system optimized by the coordination mechanism of the stakeholder relationship, the formation of “financial insurance support + household health + industrial development” “industrial poverty alleviation + health poverty alleviation +” The multi-dimensional development model of “educational poverty alleviation + insurance poverty alleviation” increases residents’ income, improves people’s lives, improves residents’ health, promotes rural revitalization, and realizes a well-off society in an all-round way.
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Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Xiaojun Pan
AU  - Chengyi Pu
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/04/12
TI  - Statistics and Countermeasures on the Risk of Poverty Alleviation of Farmers in the Poor Area
BT  - Proceedings of the 9th Annual Meeting of Risk Analysis Council of China Association for Disaster Prevention (RAC 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 155
EP  - 163
SN  - 2352-5428
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.210409.025
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.210409.025
ID  - Pan2021
ER  -