Proceedings of the 10th International RAIS Conference on Social Sciences and Humanities (RAIS 2018)

The 10th International RAIS Conference on Social Sciences and Humanities (RAIS 2018) held at Princeton, The Erdman Center, 20 Library Place, New Jersey 08540, USA on August 22-23, 2018 was organized by The Research Association for Interdisciplinary Studies (RAIS), Beltsville, Maryland, 20705, USA.

The RAIS Committee received 87 submissions. The papers were reviewed by at least two independent reviewers under a double-blind review process. Out of the received submissions, 44 papers were accepted for oral presentation during the conference and for inclusion in this volume. The acceptance of manuscripts was based on originality, scientific content, significance, and readability.

The RAIS Conferences encourage academics and researchers from around the world to share their experiences, achievements, research findings, and to discuss and exchange ideas on issues in the field of social sciences and humanities. Conference participants, including presenters and attendees, had the opportunity to listen to the research insights and ideas presented by the scholars representing many foreign universities and research institutions from Albania, Algeria, Australia, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, Greece, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Kenia, Mexico, Nigeria, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, South Korea, Thailand, United Kingdom, and the USA. I would like to express great appreciation to all members of the scientific and organizing committee, session chairs, presenters, and reviewers for making and putting this conference together.

Julia M. Puaschunder, Editor of the RAIS Conference 2018

The New School, Department of Economics, Schwartz Center for Economic Policy Analysis
Columbia University, Graduate School of Arts, New York
Princeton University,
George Washington University,