Proceedings of the conference on Recent Advances in Rock Engineering (RARE 2016)

Microseismic monitoring and short term hazard assessments in underground coal mines

Authors
Meyer Stephen, Lynch Richard
Corresponding Author
Meyer Stephen
Available Online November 2016.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/rare-16.2016.70How to use a DOI?
Keywords
microseismic monitoring; underground coal mines; seismic hazard
Abstract
Large seismic events sometimes occur in underground coal mines - usually as the roof sandstone strata violently fail. Passive microseismic monitoring is a useful tool for monitoring the stability of these strata as mining progresses.  The layered medium results in refracted seismic waves, and thus ray-tracing is used to more accurately locate seismic events once the P- and S-wave arrivals have been identified on a number of associated seismograms.  Source parameters such as radiated seismic energy and co-seismic inelastic deformation can be routinely quantified for each seismic event. Often, microseismic event data exhibits precusory patterns before large-scale failures. These patterns range from simple increased seismic activity to simultaneous dropping of stress and accelerating deformation. Some examples from South African and Australian underground coal mines show that accelerating seismic activity correctly indicates large roof strata failures between 5 and 60 minutes in advance, in more than 75% of cases
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Proceedings
Recent Advances in Rock Engineering (RARE 2016)
Part of series
Advances in Engineering Research
Publication Date
November 2016
ISBN
978-94-6252-260-2
ISSN
2352-5401
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/rare-16.2016.70How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Meyer Stephen
AU  - Lynch Richard
PY  - 2016/11
DA  - 2016/11
TI  - Microseismic monitoring and short term hazard assessments in underground coal mines
BT  - Recent Advances in Rock Engineering (RARE 2016)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2352-5401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/rare-16.2016.70
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/rare-16.2016.70
ID  - Stephen2016/11
ER  -