Proceedings of the 2nd International Scientific conference on New Industrialization: Global, national, regional dimension (SICNI 2018)

Taxation of digital corporations: options for reforms

Authors
Olena Sokolovska, Sergei Belozyorov
Corresponding Author
Olena Sokolovska
Available Online January 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/sicni-18.2019.48How to use a DOI?
Keywords
digital corporations, corporate income tax, digital tax, BEPS, profitability, corporate tax rate, new industrialization, correlation analysis
Abstract
Currently the new industrialization and digitalization of economies leads to the new tax challenges as a result of appearance of new business models, which do not need physical presence to carry out digital transactions. These challenges are generally related to the erosion of tax base and shifting profits by companies, operating in different jurisdictions due to different direct tax regimes. The OECD countries elaborated guidelines (BEPS Project), aimed to address tax avoidance strategies of corporations. Now EU Member States actively discuss the introduction of digital tax, aimed primarily to increase an effective income tax rate faced by digital corporations in order to reduce the gap in profitability between “brick-and-mortar” and digital companies. Recent research showed that there is no systematic difference in effective income tax rate faced by digital corporations compared to traditional ones, and therefore, the underlying proposition in the discussion about taxing digital firms in EU is misguided. We provide an empirical analysis of relationship between profitability of digital corporations and their effective tax liabilities. .We exclude big Japanese digital corporations since features of Japanese digital taxation influence essentially on their performance indicators. The results demonstrate that tax expenses of digital corporations, as contrast to effective corporate tax rate, can have an impact of their profitability, measured as after tax profit margin ratio, and whether the digital tax has an impact, depends on its design, notably, availability of tax incentives and exemptions, and the progressivity of tax rate.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Olena Sokolovska
AU  - Sergei Belozyorov
PY  - 2019/01
DA  - 2019/01
TI  - Taxation of digital corporations: options for reforms
BT  - Proceedings of the 2nd International Scientific conference on New Industrialization: Global, national, regional dimension (SICNI 2018)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 236
EP  - 241
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/sicni-18.2019.48
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/sicni-18.2019.48
ID  - Sokolovska2019/01
ER  -