Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference The Fifth Technological Order: Prospects for the Development and Modernization of the Russian Agro-Industrial Sector (TFTS 2019)

Effect of Pre-Sowing Seed Treatment on the Yield and Quality of Soybeans in the Subtaiga of Western Siberia

Authors
Alena Krasovskaya, Tatyana Veremey, Alexander Stepanov
Corresponding Author
Alena Krasovskaya
Available Online 29 January 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200113.216How to use a DOI?
Keywords
seeds, fertilizers, microelements, soybean, yield, protein
Abstract

The effect of pre-sowing seed treatment with fertilizers on the yield and quality of soybean grain in the subtaiga zone of Western Siberia was investigated. Tests were performed in the subtaiga zone of the Omsk Region in 2015-2017, on gray forest soils. Results showed that the duration of the soybean growing season was influenced by weather conditions and seed treatment with rhizotofin and combined seed treatment with rhizotorfin and “TurMax legumes” complex fertilizer. When treating seeds with them, it was prolonged for 3 days in 2016 and for 5 days in 2017 what is associated with the better supply of nutrients. On average, the difference in the duration of this period over 3 years was insignificant and amounted to 2 days. On average, over 3 years of research the number of nodules in variants with rhizotorfin treatment was 5.6 pcs/plant, and in the variant with combined fertilizer treatment it was the highest – 9.2 pcs/plant. The number of beans, seeds in the bean and the weight of a thousand seeds were also the largest in the variant with the combined treatment of seeds with fertilizers. On average, over the years of research, the highest yield of 1.41t/ha was provided in the variant with combined treatment with rhizotorfin and TurMax. The lowest protein content through all years was observed in control variant and averaged 29.6The effect of pre-sowing seed treatment with fertilizers on the yield and quality of soybean grain in the subtaiga zone of Western Siberia was investigated. Tests were performed in the subtaiga zone of the Omsk Region in 2015-2017, on gray forest soils. Results showed that the duration of the soybean growing season was influenced by weather conditions and seed treatment with rhizotofin and combined seed treatment with rhizotorfin and “TurMax legumes” complex fertilizer. When treating seeds with them, it was prolonged for 3 days in 2016 and for 5 days in 2017 what is associated with the better supply of nutrients. On average, the difference in the duration of this period over 3 years was insignificant and amounted to 2 days. On average, over 3 years of research the number of nodules in variants with rhizotorfin treatment was 5.6 pcs/plant, and in the variant with combined fertilizer treatment it was the highest – 9.2 pcs/plant. The number of beans, seeds in the bean and the weight of a thousand seeds were also the largest in the variant with the combined treatment of seeds with fertilizers. On average, over the years of research, the highest yield of 1.41t/ha was provided in the variant with combined treatment with rhizotorfin and TurMax. The lowest protein content through all years was observed in control variant and averaged 29.6%. In the variant with rhizotorfin treatment, it increased and averaged 32.6The effect of pre-sowing seed treatment with fertilizers on the yield and quality of soybean grain in the subtaiga zone of Western Siberia was investigated. Tests were performed in the subtaiga zone of the Omsk Region in 2015-2017, on gray forest soils. Results showed that the duration of the soybean growing season was influenced by weather conditions and seed treatment with rhizotofin and combined seed treatment with rhizotorfin and “TurMax legumes” complex fertilizer. When treating seeds with them, it was prolonged for 3 days in 2016 and for 5 days in 2017 what is associated with the better supply of nutrients. On average, the difference in the duration of this period over 3 years was insignificant and amounted to 2 days. On average, over 3 years of research the number of nodules in variants with rhizotorfin treatment was 5.6 pcs/plant, and in the variant with combined fertilizer treatment it was the highest – 9.2 pcs/plant. The number of beans, seeds in the bean and the weight of a thousand seeds were also the largest in the variant with the combined treatment of seeds with fertilizers. On average, over the years of research, the highest yield of 1.41t/ha was provided in the variant with combined treatment with rhizotorfin and TurMax. The lowest protein content through all years was observed in control variant and averaged 29.6%. In the variant with rhizotorfin treatment, it increased and averaged 32.6%. In the variant with combined seed treatment with rhizotorfin and TurMax, it was the largest – 34.7The effect of pre-sowing seed treatment with fertilizers on the yield and quality of soybean grain in the subtaiga zone of Western Siberia was investigated. Tests were performed in the subtaiga zone of the Omsk Region in 2015-2017, on gray forest soils. Results showed that the duration of the soybean growing season was influenced by weather conditions and seed treatment with rhizotofin and combined seed treatment with rhizotorfin and “TurMax legumes” complex fertilizer. When treating seeds with them, it was prolonged for 3 days in 2016 and for 5 days in 2017 what is associated with the better supply of nutrients. On average, the difference in the duration of this period over 3 years was insignificant and amounted to 2 days. On average, over 3 years of research the number of nodules in variants with rhizotorfin treatment was 5.6 pcs/plant, and in the variant with combined fertilizer treatment it was the highest – 9.2 pcs/plant. The number of beans, seeds in the bean and the weight of a thousand seeds were also the largest in the variant with the combined treatment of seeds with fertilizers. On average, over the years of research, the highest yield of 1.41t/ha was provided in the variant with combined treatment with rhizotorfin and TurMax. The lowest protein content through all years was observed in control variant and averaged 29.6%. In the variant with rhizotorfin treatment, it increased and averaged 32.6%. In the variant with combined seed treatment with rhizotorfin and TurMax, it was the largest – 34.7%. The combination of yield and protein content contributed to the fact that on average for 3 years the highest protein yield of 491.8 kg/ha was provided by the variant of co-treatment of soybean seeds before sowing. Thus, production enterprises should be recommended to perform pre-sowing seed treatment with rhizotorfin and complex fertilizer containing macro- and microelements.

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© 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Alena Krasovskaya
AU  - Tatyana Veremey
AU  - Alexander Stepanov
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/01/29
TI  - Effect of Pre-Sowing Seed Treatment on the Yield and Quality of Soybeans in the Subtaiga of Western Siberia
BT  - Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference The Fifth Technological Order: Prospects for the Development and Modernization of the Russian Agro-Industrial Sector (TFTS 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 421
EP  - 424
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200113.216
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200113.216
ID  - Krasovskaya2020
ER  -