Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference The Fifth Technological Order: Prospects for the Development and Modernization of the Russian Agro-Industrial Sector (TFTS 2019)

Monitoring of the Occurrence and Dissemination of Antimicrobial Resistance in Salmonella Strains by the Geographic Information Program QGIS

Authors
Anna Zabrovskaia, Ivan Khakhaev, Vladimir Kuzmin
Corresponding Author
Anna Zabrovskaia
Available Online 29 January 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200113.199How to use a DOI?
Keywords
monitoring, resistance, Salmonella, geographic information systems
Abstract

In recent decades, the antimicrobial resistance has become a global problem for veterinary and medicine. Control of the spread of resistant strains of microorganisms among food-producing animals requires a comprehensive approach, including monitoring of resistance, detection of mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance of microorganisms isolated from food-producing animals. The susceptibility of 207 Salmonella strains isolated from sick and dead food-producing animals, animal products and feed in the Leningrad region from 2004 to 2016 to antimicrobials of to nine pharmacological groups was studied by the disc-diffusion method. The program QGIS 2.18 was used by the authors to visualize the detection and spread of resistant strains of Salmonella in the Leningrad region. It was established that during the considered period there was an increase in the number of areas in which resistant strains were isolated, as well as the number of groups of antimicrobials to which Salmonella strains were resistant. Since 2009, the isolation and spread of multi drug resistant (MDR), and since 2015 - extremely resistant strains of Salmonella in the Leningrad region has been noted. The usage of the geographic information program allows not only to visualize the presence of resistant strains and the spread of strains over large areas, but also to mark on the map the biological properties of strains, serological variant, sources of isolation, profile of resistance and other data. Thus, QGIS is a valuable tool for monitoring resistance. The obtained data can serve as a basis for the development of a system of measures to reduce resistance both at the individual farm and at the regional level.

Copyright
© 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Anna Zabrovskaia
AU  - Ivan Khakhaev
AU  - Vladimir Kuzmin
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/01/29
TI  - Monitoring of the Occurrence and Dissemination of Antimicrobial Resistance in Salmonella Strains by the Geographic Information Program QGIS
BT  - Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference The Fifth Technological Order: Prospects for the Development and Modernization of the Russian Agro-Industrial Sector (TFTS 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 338
EP  - 342
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200113.199
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200113.199
ID  - Zabrovskaia2020
ER  -