Proceedings of the Universitas Lampung International Conference on Social Sciences (ULICoSS 2021)

National Health Security as an Effort to Increase Social Welfare: Challenges on Informal Sector Participants in Yogyakarta Special Region

Authors
Tria Anggita Hafsaritriaanggita01@gmail.com
Research Center for Population, National Research and Innovation Agency, Jakarta, Indonesia
Sari Seftianisariseftiani27@gmail.com
Research Center for Population, National Research and Innovation Agency, Jakarta, Indonesia
Corresponding Author
Tria Anggita Hafsaritriaanggita01@gmail.com
Available Online 6 January 2022.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220102.052How to use a DOI?
Keywords
National Health Insurance (JKN); Membership participation; Informal sector workers; Social welfare; Yogyakarta Special Region
Abstract

Health insurance ownership is one of the efforts to reduce poverty to achieve social welfare. Health insurance also becomes a social safety net in a labor market towards old-age benefits. Health security is one of the social protection that aims to support people in facing various stressors regarding health conditions. The Indonesia Government has created an effort to increase the coverage of health insurance membership by starting a Universal Health Coverage policy in 2004 through the National Health Insurance (JKN) program. However, this program faces many challenges, especially for the independent member participation in informal sector workers. Most informal sector workers could not afford the premium regularly, which causes their membership not to use it if they need it—this research focuses on informal sector workers. This paper aims to identify the factors influencing membership participation in the independent scheme (non-subsidy) in the JKN program. Data of this paper is based on research that combination of mix-match methods. The quantitative approach through surveys was conducted using purposive sampling. Meanwhile, qualitative data collection was carried out through interviews, focus group discussions, and observations. The results show 18.90 percent of respondents participated in the JKN program as independent scheme members. Several reasons cause the stagnant membership participation, such as economic factors related to the premium for all household members, feeling unnecessary to have health insurance, trust in the JKN program, and disappointment with health services used. Moreover, it is essential to ensure the informal sector workers can afford and access the JKN program as health security due to their vulnerabilities. Health security has become a requirement that is related to increasing the social welfare of citizens.

Copyright
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press SARL.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the Universitas Lampung International Conference on Social Sciences (ULICoSS 2021)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
6 January 2022
ISBN
978-94-6239-509-1
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220102.052How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press SARL.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Tria Anggita Hafsari
AU  - Sari Seftiani
PY  - 2022
DA  - 2022/01/06
TI  - National Health Security as an Effort to Increase Social Welfare: Challenges on Informal Sector Participants in Yogyakarta Special Region
BT  - Proceedings of the Universitas Lampung International Conference on Social Sciences (ULICoSS 2021)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 400
EP  - 407
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220102.052
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220102.052
ID  - Hafsari2022
ER  -