Barriers to Women's Career Advancement in Indonesian Academia: A Qualitative Empirical Study
- 10.2991/yicemap-17.2017.27How to use a DOI?
- career advancement, female academics, top position, Indonesia, academia
Why is the representation of women fewer than men in the top academic positions in Indonesia? To answer this question, the researcher did an empirical study using qualitative method to explore any possible barriers that have been encountered or faced by women. Twenty-five participants consisted of 19 lecturers (4 men and 15 women) and 6 senior leaders (3 rectors and 3 deans, all men) from 6 selected universities participated in this in-depth interviews. The results showed that female academics face multiple barriers to advance to top positions: family-, organizational-, and individual-related barriers. The family related barriers (e.g. family responsibility and spousal restriction) and organizational-related constraints (e.g. discrimination and masculine culture) were the most frequently mentioned barriers preventing women from achieving both top academic and leadership positions. However, individual-related barriers (e.g. being in a minority position and lacking confidence) only appeared to have a negative effect on reaching top leadership positions. These findings contribute to the knowledge about factors associated with the scarcity of women in top positions in academia, with a particular focus on the Indonesian context. Affirmative action should be provided for women to reduce the gender gap in top positions in Indonesian academia.
- © 2017, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Nur Kholis PY - 2017/05 DA - 2017/05 TI - Barriers to Women's Career Advancement in Indonesian Academia: A Qualitative Empirical Study BT - Proceedings of the 1st Yogyakarta International Conference on Educational Management/Administration and Pedagogy (YICEMAP 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 157 EP - 164 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/yicemap-17.2017.27 DO - 10.2991/yicemap-17.2017.27 ID - Kholis2017/05 ER -