eFood

Volume 1, Issue 5, October 2020, Pages 347 - 356

Tropical Food Spices: A Promising Panacea for the Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

Authors
Adedayo O. Ademiluyi1, ORCID, Olubukola H. Oyeniran1, 2, *, ORCID, Ganiyu Oboh1
1Functional Foods, Nutraceuticals and Phytomedicine Unit, Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Technology, Akure 340001, Nigeria
2Department of Biochemistry, Federal University Oye - Ekiti P.M.B. 373, Ekiti State, Nigeria
Corresponding Author
Olubukola H. Oyeniran
Received 20 August 2020, Accepted 20 October 2020, Available Online 28 October 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/efood.k.201022.001How to use a DOI?
Keywords
COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, respiratory infections, ACE2, spices, antivirals
Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious fatal disease caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) with millions of individuals infected globally within few months of its outbreak. During infection, the SARS-CoV-2 main protease binds directly to Angiotensin-converting Enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor of the human host cells, most especially in the lungs where it replicates and causes respiratory infections. Currently, there is neither universally recommended nor approved treatment for the morbid disease caused by this virus. Therefore, the urgent need for therapy has led to the use of medicinal plants such as tropical food spices which have been previously used as antivirals. Thus, this review described the coronaviruses, the causative virus of COVID-19, the role of ACE2 in SARS-CoV-2 infection, health complications in COVID-19, the general importance of tropical spices, the potential beneficial role of tropical spices as potent inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 and the mechanisms of action of some selected tropical spices: turmeric, onion, garlic, red chille pepper, black pepper and cinnamon; based on prior knowledge of their medicinal values. This might help to promote the use of spices and/or their isolated compounds as functional foods, nutraceuticals and potent alternative medicines to provide fast optimal relief or cure for COVID-19.

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Copyright
© 2020 The Authors. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Journal
eFood
Volume-Issue
1 - 5
Pages
347 - 356
Publication Date
2020/10/28
ISSN (Online)
2666-3066
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/efood.k.201022.001How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2020 The Authors. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Adedayo O. Ademiluyi
AU  - Olubukola H. Oyeniran
AU  - Ganiyu Oboh
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/10/28
TI  - Tropical Food Spices: A Promising Panacea for the Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)
JO  - eFood
SP  - 347
EP  - 356
VL  - 1
IS  - 5
SN  - 2666-3066
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/efood.k.201022.001
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/efood.k.201022.001
ID  - Ademiluyi2020
ER  -