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64 articles
Review Article

Metal–Organic Frameworks (MOFs) Based Analytical Techniques for Food Safety Evaluation

Yan Xue, Yao Peng, Zhao Geng, Yitao Wang, Carolina Oi Lam Ung, Hao Hu
Pages: 1 - 12
As the supply chain of food around the world has become more and more globalized and complicated, food safety issue has attracted considerable concern owing to the widespread pollution of the whole ecosystem and the extent of their impact on the well-being of human beings. Correspondingly, a variety...
Review Article

miRNAs as Regulators of Antidiabetic Effects of Fucoidans

Chao Zhao, Shanshan Lai, Desheng Wu, Dan Liu, Xiaobo Zou, Amin Ismail, Hesham El-Seedi, Randolph R.J. Arroo, Jianbo Xiao
Pages: 2 - 11
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease with a high mortality rate worldwide. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), and other small noncoding RNAs, serve as endogenous gene regulators through binding to specific sequences in RNA and modifying gene expression toward up- or down-regulation. miRNAs have become compelling...
Review Article

Body Fluid pH Balance in Metabolic Health and Possible Benefits of Dietary Alkaline Foods

Wataru Aoi, Xiaobo Zou, Jian Bo Xiao, Yoshinori Marunaka
Pages: 12 - 23
Living cells have several mechanisms to avoid acidic conditions created by excess protons. The protons are extruded to the extracellular space via the plasma membrane by various types of transporters such as the Na+/H+ exchanger and monocarboxylate transporters, which hereby contribute to the exclusion...
Research Article

Neuroprotective Effect of Alkylresorcinols from Wheat Bran in HT22 Cells: Correlation with in vitro Antioxidant Activity

Yanyu Zou, Fengjiao Fan, Yong Fang, Peng Li, Ji Xia, Xinchun Shen, Qin Liu, Qiuhui Hu
Pages: 13 - 20
Alkylresorcinols (ARs), which are phenolic lipids found in wheat bran, have attracted a considerable amount of attention because of their antioxidant properties. However, the mechanism of ARs for regulating neuroprotective activity remains unclear. The correlation between the cellular neuroprotective...
Research Article

Comparative Evaluation of Different DNA Extraction Methods from E. Longifolia Herbal Medicinal Product

Bashir Mohammed Abubakar, Faezah Md Salleh, Alina Wagiran, Mustapha Abba
Pages: 21 - 26
The aphrodisiac property of Eurycoma longifolia has led to an increase in the demand for its Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPs). However, the efficiency of such HMPs depends on the usage of their genuine raw materials. The conventional methods cannot identify species in processed form. The authentication...
Review Article

Advances in the Propolis Chemical Composition between 2013 and 2018: A Review

Luka Šturm, Nataša Poklar Ulrih
Pages: 24 - 37
Propolis is a lipophilic sticky substance collected by bees that has been used by humans for centuries. Owing to its healing, antioxidant, and other medicinal properties, its chemical composition has been widely studied. Most pharmacological properties of propolis have been attributed to its phenols...
Research Article

A Preliminary Study of Proteomic Analysis on Caseins and Whey Proteins in Donkey Milk from Xinjiang and Shandong of China

Wahafu Luoyizha, Bo Zeng, Hui Li, Xiaojun Liao
Pages: 27 - 36
The proteomics of donkey milk from China’s major producing areas have not been well documented. To explore the protein profiles of donkey milk from China, this study preliminarily investigated caseins and whey proteins in products from two major producing areas using quantitative proteomics approach....
Research Article

Anti-Diabetic Effects of Different Phenolic-Rich Fractions from Rhus Chinensis Mill. Fruits in vitro

Xiaojing Liu, Yishan Fu, Qian Ma, Junjie Yi, Shengbao Cai
Pages: 37 - 46
This study investigated the inhibitory effects of the Ethanol Extract (EE), Free Phenolic (TF), Esterified Phenolic (TE) and Insoluble-bound Phenolic (TI) from Rhus chinensis Mill. fruits on α-glucosidase, Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 (DPP-IV), and the formation of Advanced Glycation End (AGE) products. Results...
Review Article

Dietary Flavonoids in the Management of Huntington’s Disease: Mechanism and Clinical Perspective

Haroon Khan, Hammad Ullah, Rosa Tundis, Tarun Belwal, Hari Prasad Devkota, Maria Daglia, Zafer Cetin, Eyup Ilker Saygili, Maria da Graça Campos, Esra Capanoglu, Ming Du, Parsa Dar, Jianbo Xiao
Pages: 38 - 52
Huntington’s disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive loss of neurons, which leads to behavioral systems and mental decline. HD is linked to repeat expansions of cytosine, adenine, and guanine in the Huntingtin (HTT) gene that give rise to mutation, leading to the formation...
Review Article

Food-derived Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors as Potential Agents against Alzheimer’s Disease

Rotimi E. Aluko
Pages: 49 - 58
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is a critical enzyme involved in nerve functions and signal transmission within the brain. However, during aging, excessive AChE activity often leads to rapid and progressive depletion of acetylcholine (ACh), the major neurotransmitter. Shortage of ACh leads to reduced neurotransmission...

Can Natural Products Suppress Resistant Helicobacter pylori to Fight Against Gastric Diseases in Humans?

Li-Shu Wang, Carla Elena Echeveste, Jianhua Yu, Yi-Wen Huang, John Lechner, Ling Mei, Patrick Sanvanson, Martha Yearsley, Chin-Kun Wang, Gary Stoner
Pages: 53 - 60
More than 50% of the world’s population is infected with Helicobacter pylori. H. pylori is the major causative agent of gastric ulcers and gastric cancer. H. pylori eradication using antibiotics either alone or together with a proton pump inhibitor is the primary strategy to decrease the incidence of...
Research Article

Behavior of Non-Digestible Polysaccharides in Gastrointestinal Tract: A Mechanistic Review of its Anti-Obesity Effect

Yajun Zhang, Qingtong Xie, Lijun You, Peter Chi-Keung Cheung, Zhengang Zhao
Pages: 59 - 72
Nowadays, obesity in humans is a huge challenge requiring effective, readily available, and low-risk alternative treatments. Intake of edible Non-Digestible Polysaccharides (NDPs) is regarded as a promising strategy to combat obesity. Herein, an overview of the behavior of NDPs in the Gastrointestinal...
Research Article

Twenty-four Months Feeding on Unsaturated Dietary Fats (Virgin Olive, Sunflower, or Fish Oil) Differentially Modulate Gingival Mitochondria in the Rat

María D. Navarro-Hortal, Alfonso Varela-López, José M. Romero-Márquez, Celia Piquer-Martinez, Pedro Bullón, Tamara Y. Forbes-Hernández, José L. Quiles
Pages: 61 - 68
This study investigated the effects of feeding rats for 24 months on different unsaturated fats (virgin olive, sunflower, or fish oil) on gingival mitochondrial ultrastructure and expression of genes related to mitochondrial biology as well as the amount of circulating fatty acids in the plasma. Results...
Research Article

Random Forest, Artificial Neural Network, and Support Vector Machine Models for Honey Classification

Cecilia Martinez-Castillo, Gonzalo Astray, Juan Carlos Mejuto, Jesus Simal-Gandara
Pages: 69 - 76
Different separated protein fractions by the electrophoretic method in polyacrylamide gel were used to classify two different types of honeys, Galician honeys and commercial honeys produced and packaged outside of Galicia. Random forest, artificial neural network, and support vector machine models were...
Research Article

Combination of Microwave, Ultrasonic, Enzyme Assisted Method for Curcumin Species Extraction from Turmeric (Curcuma Longa L.) and Evaluation of their Antioxidant Activity

Chengke Wang, Hanli Yang, Jiangyu Li
Pages: 73 - 80
The combination of microwave irradiation, ultrasonication treatment, and enzyme-assisted extraction approach was applied to study the extraction efficiency and antioxidative activity of curcumin from turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) using Response Surface Optimization (RSM). The effects of the power and treatment...
Research Article

Phenolic Extract from Sonchus oleraceus L. Protects Diabetes-related Liver Injury in Rats through TLR4/NF-κB Signaling Pathway

Lei Chen, Xiaoyun Fan, Xiujun Lin, Liu Qian, Gokhan Zengin, Dominique Delmas, Paolo Paoli, Hui Teng, Jianbo Xiao
Pages: 77 - 84
Sonchus oleraceus Linn. is of great interest in scientific platform because it exhibits significant biological activities. This study investigated the liver protective effects and mechanism of phenolic extract from S. oleraceus (SOL) on Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. SOL significantly increased...
Research Article

Evaluation of Acute and Subacute Toxicity of Two Different Extracts from Que Zui Tea in Rats

Yongpeng Wang, Guy Sedar Singor Njateng, Tianrui Zhao, Meilian Yang, Yifen Wang, Jianxin Cao, Yaping Liu, Guiguang Cheng
Pages: 81 - 91
The buds of Vaccinium dunalianum Wight (VD) are widely used in Yunnan as herbal tea [Que Zui Tea (QT)] and herb. However, the security and toxicity of QT have not been determined yet. The aim of this study is to evaluate the acute and subacute-toxicity of hot water (QTW) and aqueous-ethanol (QTE) extracts...
Research Article

Effect of In vitro Gastrointestinal Digestion on the Bioaccessibility of Phenolic Compounds and Antioxidant Activity of Manuka Honey

Danila Cianciosi, Tamara Yuliett Forbes-Hernández, Francesca Giampieri, Jiaojiao Zhang, Johura Ansary, Mattia Pacetti, Josè L. Quiles, Jesus Simal-Gandara, Maurizio Battino
Pages: 85 - 93
The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the change in the total content of phenolic compounds, flavonoids, and the antioxidant capacity in Manuka Honey (MH) after gastrointestinal digestion and different purification methods. MH was subjected to an in vitro gastrointestinal simulation process,...
Research Article

Dendrobine Suppresses Lipopolysaccharide-induced Gut Inflammation in a Co-culture of Intestinal Epithelial Caco-2 Cells and RAW264.7 Macrophages

Huifan Liu, Jiaxi Liang, Gengsheng Xiao, Lukai Ma, Qin Wang
Pages: 92 - 99
We evaluated dendrobine for its potential effect on Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) progression using the intestinal epithelial Caco-2/RAW264.7 macrophage co-culture cell model. The results showed that dendrobine maintained the tight junction (TJ) proteins in co-cultured Caco-2 cells, suggesting its...
Research Article

Comprehensive Polyphenolic Profile of Plantago depressa using High-Speed Countercurrent Chromatography Off-line with High-Performance Liquid Chromatography–Diode Array Detector–Quadrupole Time-of-flight Tandem Mass Spectrometry

Jinju Xu, Chaoying Tong, Qiachi Fu, Keke Guo, Shuyun Shi, Yecheng Xiao
Pages: 94 - 105
The whole plant of Plantago depressa is commonly used as traditional Chinese medicine and functional food ingredient. Total phenolic content and total flavonoid content evaluation indicated that its ethyl acetate and n-butanol fractions were rich in polyphenols. However, to date, the polyphenolic profile...
Review Article

How to Fulfill Carotenoid Needs during Pregnancy and for the Growth and Development of Infants and Children – A Review

Monika Nur Utami Prihastyanti, Rosita Dwi Chandra, Diah Mustika Lukitasari
Pages: 101 - 112
Society’s latest lifestyle has developed to a more rapid mobilization and advanced technology which makes people’s daily needs of nutrients have altered as well. This phenomenon comes to consequences where healthy diet has been neglected and people consume food only to fulfill the calories—which can...
Review Article

Natural Polyphenols: A Potential Therapeutic Approach to Hypoglycemia

Chao Zhao, Xuzhi Wan, Sheng Zhou, Hui Cao
Pages: 107 - 118
Natural polyphenols have been reported much attention in recent years for their hypoglycemic actions and diabetes-related pathologies. Free and simple polyphenols can be digested and absorbed in the small intestine, while complex polyphenols are utilized by intestinal flora in the large intestine. Microbial...
Review Article

Effects of pH, High Pressure Processing, and Ultraviolet Light on Carotenoids, Chlorophylls, and Anthocyanins of Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Juices

Rosita Dwi Chandra, Monika Nur Utami Prihastyanti, Diah Mustika Lukitasari
Pages: 113 - 124
Health consciousness and the need to maintain immune system have increased the demand for fresh fruit and vegetable juices due to the presence of nutritional benefits including colorful pigments such as chlorophylls, carotenoids, and anthocyanins. Besides providing green, yellow, and red color in fruits...
Review Article

Laccase-catalyzed, Phytochemical-mediated Protein Crosslinking Conjugates

Tsun-Thai Chai, Jianbo Xiao, Sharmila Mohana Dass, Fai-Chu Wong
Pages: 119 - 125
Laccase is a Class 1 oxidoreductase enzyme, which catalyzes the oxidation of a wide range of phenolic substrates. Previously, several reviews had highlighted on the industrial importance of laccase, including in food industry. Similarly, the ability of laccase to crosslink and polymerize food protein...
Review Article

Perspectives for Recognition and Rapid Detection of Foodborne Pathogenic Bacteria Based on Electrochemical Sensors

Yahui Wang, Xin Ma, Xiujuan Qiao, Pingping Yang, Qinglin Sheng, Ming Zhou, Tianli Yue
Pages: 125 - 139
Due to the misuse of pathogen-infected food, human beings continue to face serious diseases and even deaths. Thus, researchers from all walks of life concern on prevention, detection, and resistance for pathogenic bacteria. It is necessary to develop and explore a fast, cost-effective, portable, and...
Review Article

Emerging Exotic Fruits: New Functional Foods in the European Market

Laura Cornara, Jianbo Xiao, Antonella Smeriglio, Domenico Trombetta, Bruno Burlando
Pages: 126 - 139
The consumption of exotic fruits is rapidly increasing in European countries. Some of these products have attracted much interest due to their alleged properties of preventing malnutrition, over-nutrition, and disease, maintaining a healthy body. Scientific studies on these fruits are multiplying, including...
Research Article

In vivo Modulatory Effect of Coffee (Coffea canephora var. Robusta) on the Expression Levels of Murine microRNA-124-3p Associated with Antioxidant Defenses

Valeria Curti, Manuela Verri, Alessandra Baldi, Marco Dacrema, Irene Masiello, Maurizia Dossena, Maria Daglia
Pages: 140 - 146
Antioxidant activity is one of the most studied properties of coffee as a beverage, and is mainly ascribed to its polyphenol content, although there is limited scientific literature regarding its mechanism of action at the molecular level. In recent years, epigenetics has been featured as a promising...
Research Article

Inactivation of Staphylococcus aureus by the Combined Treatments of Ultrasound and Nisin in Nutrient Broth and Milk

Yongcheng Song, Yushuang Lu, Xiufang Bi, Liyi Chen, Lei Liu, Zhenming Che
Pages: 140 - 146
In this study, ultrasound (US) and nisin, applied individually or in combination (US + nisin), were investigated to determine their inactivation effect on Staphylococcus aureus in nutrient broth (NB) and milk. The inactivation of S. aureus by nisin at 0, 25 and 37°C followed “fast to slow” two-stage...
Research Article

Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitors Screening, Antioxidation, and DNA Protection Properties of Geranium wilfordii Maxim

Yi Liu, Shiyong Mei, Aiping Xiao, Liangliang Liu
Pages: 147 - 155
Geranium wilfordii Maxim is a commonly used traditional medicine and as decoction pieces in drinks for treating acute and chronic rheumatalgia. Earlier research showed it could inhibit xanthine oxidase and had a strong antioxidative activity. In this study, four compounds namely, corilagin, geraniin,...
Research Article

Analysis Method of Lactoferrin Based on Uncoated Capillary Electrophoresis

Hui Chen, Zhenyu Wang, Fengjiao Fan, Pujie Shi, Xianbing Xu, Ming Du, Cong Wang
Pages: 147 - 153
The analysis of lactoferrin separation will be an important application in prospect. To develop a new strategy for the detection of lactoferrin, this work adopted the method of uncoated Capillary Electrophoresis (CE), through optimizing the parameters of background electrolyte, pH, surfactant, buffers...
Research Article

Physicochemical and Functional Properties of Starches from Pachyrhizus erosus with Low Digestibility

Xiao-Dan Shi, Jing-Jing Huang, Jin-Zhi Han, Shao-Yun Wang
Pages: 154 - 161
The search for novel natural ingredients has been stimulated by the food and non-food industries, and roots of Pachyrhizus erosus (jicama) emerges as promising crops for industrial production due to its crispy and succulent flesh and high yield. Therefore, jicama starches from Fujian Province (SFJ) and...
Research Article

Trypsin-hydrolyzed Corn Silk Proteins: Antioxidant Activities, in vitro Gastrointestinal and Thermal Stability, and Hematoprotective Effects

Tsun-Thai Chai, Shin-Yii Ang, Kervine Goh, You-Han Lee, Jia-Min Ngoo, Lai-Kuan Teh, Fai-Chu Wong
Pages: 156 - 164
The aim of this study was to examine the antioxidant capacity of Trypsin-hydrolyzed corn silk proteins, specifically radical scavenging, ferric reducing and anti-lipid peroxidation activities, as well as stability after heating and simulated gastrointestinal digestion. Among the 1–5-h hydrolysates, the...
Research Article

Synthesis of CdTe Quantum Dots-based Imprinting Fluorescent Nanosensor for Highly Specific and Sensitive Determination of Caffeic Acid in Apple Juices

Ruiqing Long, Te Li, Lihui Wu, Shuyun Shi
Pages: 165 - 172
A facile method for the synthesis of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) onto CdTe quantum dots (CdTe-QDs@MIPs) was successfully developed, and for the first time used as a sensitive fluorescent nanosensor for specific and rapid determination of caffeic acid (CA) in apple juices. Sol–gel polymerization...
Research Article

Data Fusion Approach Improves the Prediction of Single Phenolic Compounds in Honey: A Study of NIR and Raman Spectroscopies

Haroon Elrasheid Tahir, Muhammad Arslan, Gustav Komla Mahunu, Jiyong Shi, Xiaobo Zou, Mohammed Abdalbasit Ahmed Gasmalla, Abdalbasit Adam Mariod
Pages: 173 - 180
The combination of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR) and Raman Spectroscopy (RS) of 100 honey samples collected from different countries were used to develop the calibration model for determination of single phenolic compound. In high-performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection analysis,...
Research Article

Response Surface Modeling for the Enrichment of Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid with a Minimum Content of Citrinin in Monascus-Fermented Rice

Washim Khan, Omkar Regmi, Mojeer Hasan, Bibhu Prasad Panda
Pages: 181 - 187
γ-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) is a secondary metabolite produced in Monascus-fermented food. The mycotoxin (citrinin), another major secondary metabolite, is neurotoxic to humans and thus it diminishes the social acceptability of Monascus-Fermented Rice (MFR). The study was aimed to enrich GABA content...
Short Communication

Dihydromyricetin Attenuates Streptozotocin-induced Liver Injury and Inflammation in Rats via Regulation of NF-κB and AMPK Signaling Pathway

Lei Chen, Maojun Yao, Xiaoyun Fan, Xiujun Lin, Randolph Arroo, Aline Silva, Bunleu Sungthong, Simona Dragan, Paolo Paoli, Shaoyun Wang, Hui Teng, Jianbo Xiao
Pages: 188 - 195
Dihydromyricetin (DHM) dramatically improved the quality of life for Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats and significantly increased the activity of antioxidant enzymes in the liver. Moreover, DHM successfully ameliorated diabetes-induced liver damage by suppression of apoptosis in the liver,...
Review Article

Plant-based Food Products for Antimycobacterial Therapy

Elwira Sieniawska, Magdalena Maciejewska-Turska, Łukasz Świątek, Jianbo Xiao
Pages: 199 - 216
Traditional medicine which is based on the observations of the patient’s condition after administration of herbal remedies describes a vast number of plant species with potential application in Tuberculosis (TB) treatment. However, only a small number of plant derived secondary metabolites were shown...
Review Article

Tocotrienols in Bone Protection: Evidence from Preclinical Studies

Maureen L. Meister, Huanbiao Mo, Xiangming Ji, Chwan-Li Shen
Pages: 217 - 225
Osteoporosis is a degenerative bone disease affecting millions, mostly the aging population. Osteoblasts and osteoclasts maintain the balance in bone resorption and formation. Changes occurring in the differentiation, proliferation and activity of these two cell types result in lower bone mass and microarchitecture...
Review Article

The Anticancer Activity and Mechanisms of Ginsenosides: An Updated Review

Hongwei Chen, Haixia Yang, Daidi Fan, Jianjun Deng
Pages: 226 - 241
The annual global mortality rate of cancer has increased dramatically. Although various therapies are used for cancer, the results have not been satisfactory. Chemotherapy is currently the most common treatment option. However, serious side effects and drug resistance impede the therapeutic efficacy...
Review Article

Black Garlic: Processing, Composition Change, and Bioactivity

Hao Jing
Pages: 242 - 246
Garlic (Allium sativum L.) has been not only consumed as flavor vegetable, but also recorded as a prophylactic and therapeutic medicinal plant since ancient time. Its characteristic pungent flavor limited its application in food product development. Black garlic made from garlic by a thermal processing...
Research Article

Feed-induced Variation in the Carotenoid Composition of Brine Shrimp

Jin Huang, Bodi Hui
Pages: 247 - 253
Brine shrimp is a genus of aquatic crustacean, and is considered a dietary carotenoid resource by local residents from eastern China. In the present study, harvested brine shrimp were fed with the dried powders of tomato fruit (Solanum lycopersicum, as a lycopene source), marigold flower (Tagetes erecta...
Research Article

Antioxidant Properties and Transepithelial Transportation of Di-/tripeptides Derived from Simulated Gastrointestinal Digestion of Pig Blood Cells Hydrolysates

Xiaojun Ni, Zhenya Zhai, Zhongquan Xin, Chengquan Tan, Yiliang Chen, Jinping Deng, Pinfeng Liao, Limeng Zhang, Zaili Xiao, Baichuan Deng
Pages: 254 - 269
Pig blood is an important by-product of the meat industry, which has not been fully utilized. In this study, Pig Blood Cells (PBC) were hydrolyzed by Alcalase and followed with simulated Gastrointestinal (GI) digestion to generate bioactive peptides. The antioxidant properties and the intestinal epithelial...
Research Article

Formation of Three Selected AGEs and their Corresponding Intermediates in Aldose- and Ketose-lysine Systems

Chaoyi Xue, Zhenhua Shi, Zhiyong He, Zhaojun Wang, Fang Qin, Jie Chen, Maomao Zeng
Pages: 270 - 278
Advanced Glycation End Products (AGEs) could be formed with α-dicarbonyl compounds as intermediates; however, simultaneous determination of AGES as well as their precursors and intermediates have rarely been mentioned, so as to investigate the reaction. In this work, lysine was reacted with aldoses (galactose,...
Review Article

Effects of Dietary Interventions on Gut Microbiota in Humans and the Possible Impacts of Foods on Patients’ Responses to Cancer Immunotherapy

Li-Shu Wang, Yue Yang Mo, Yi-Wen Huang, Carla Elena Echeveste, Hsin-Tzu Wang, Jiali Chen, Kiyoko Oshima, Martha Yearsley, Jesus Simal-Gandaraf, Maurizio Battino, Jianbo Xiao, Jiebiao Chen, Chongde Sun, Jianhua Yu, Weibin Bai
Pages: 279 - 287
The gut microbiota—the community of microorganisms in the gut—has been implicated in many physical and mental disorders in addition to intestinal diseases. Diets are the most studied and promising factors for altering it. Indeed, certain dietary interventions that increase fiber intake rapidly change...
Research Article

Bioactive Compounds and Nutritional Value of Cagaita (Eugenia dysenteric) during its Physiological Development

Monik Maryelle Moreira da Silva, Edson Pablo Silva, Lismaíra Gonçalves Caixeta Garcia, Eduardo Ramirez Asquieri, Eduardo Valério de Barros Vilas Boas, Aline Priscilla Gomes da Silva, Jianbo Xiao, Clarissa Damiani
Pages: 288 - 297
The Cerrado is the second largest vegetation formation in Brazil, after the Amazon, and is the richest tropical savanna in the world in terms of biodiversity. This study aimed to evaluate cagaita fruits for bioactive compounds and nutrients during their physiological development. The fruits were assessed...
Research Article

Oral Administration of Oyster Peptide Prevents Bone Loss in Ovariectomized Mice

Hui Chen, Pujie Shi, Zhe Xu, Fengjiao Fan, Zhenyu Wang, Ming Du
Pages: 298 - 309
Osteoporosis is a disordered metabolic disease occurred congenitally or secondary. Although peptide agents have been approved to prevent osteoporosis administrated through subcutaneous injection, rare reports focused on peptide oral administration for preventive purpose. An eight peptide, P-CG-01 (YRGDVVPK)...
Research Article

Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle (lime) Fruit Extract Inhibits the Activities of Polyol Pathway Enzymes

Mutiu Idowu Kazeem, Habeeb Adebodun Bankole, Tolulope Israel Oladokun, Ahmed Oloruntoba Bello, Monsurah Adenike Maliki
Pages: 310 - 315
Diabetes mellitus is associated with several complications, which may result from one or more factors including increased flux of polyol pathway. This study evaluated the inhibitory potential of four citrus fruits namely Citrus paradisi Macfad. (grape), Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck (lemon), Citrus aurantifolia...
Research Article

Exploitation of Indigenous Wine Yeasts from Spontaneously Fermenting Grape must and Vineyard Soil in Beijing, China

Qianwen Zhang, Hui Li, Xiangyu Sun, Weidong Huang, Jicheng Zhan
Pages: 316 - 325
The investigation of indigenous wine yeast can facilitate the production of distinctive Beijing wine by providing wineries with more choices in distinctive wine yeasts. Wine yeasts that were isolated from grape must during spontaneous fermentation and from vineyard soil were preliminarily classified...
Research Article

Characterizations of a Food Decapeptide Chelating with Zn(II)

Weiwei Fan, Zhenyu Wang, Zhishen Mu, Ming Du, Lianzhou Jiang, Hesham R. EI-Seedi, Cong Wang
Pages: 326 - 331
Walnut proteins and peptides have been reported to have great zinc-carrying activity. In this study, the decapeptide EPNGLLLPQY (WP-10) derived from walnut protein has been prepared to figure out zinc binding mechanisms and structure–activity relationships. The space-conformation of this peptide has...

Food Hygienic Practices and Safety Measures among Street Food Vendors in Zanzibar Urban District

Jamila K. Hassan, Leonard W.T. Fweja
Pages: 332 - 338
The purpose of this descriptive cross-sectional survey study was to assess the hygiene and safety precautions implemented by street food vendors in the Urban district of Zanzibar. The study involved 265 food vendors with immobile food vending sites. An organized researcher-executed questionnaire developed...
Review Article

Qualitative and Quantitative Methods to Evaluate Anthocyanins

Zhaojun Teng, Xinwei Jiang, Fatao He, Weibin Bai
Pages: 339 - 346
Anthocyanins are one of the most important water-soluble pigments in the nature. Interests in the research of anthocyanins are increasing due to its nutritional value and biological activity. Extraction, separation and qualitative and quantitative analysis of anthocyanins are indispensable and important...
Review Article

Tropical Food Spices: A Promising Panacea for the Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

Adedayo O. Ademiluyi, Olubukola H. Oyeniran, Ganiyu Oboh
Pages: 347 - 356
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious fatal disease caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) with millions of individuals infected globally within few months of its outbreak. During infection, the SARS-CoV-2 main protease binds directly to Angiotensin-converting...
Research Article

Identification of Putative Cell-entry-inhibitory Peptides against SARS-CoV-2 from Edible Insects: An in silico Study

Fai-Chu Wong, Joe-Hui Ong, Tsun-Thai Chai
Pages: 357 - 368
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, has become the most contagious pandemic in the world. The binding of SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein Receptor-binding Domain (RBD) to human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 receptor precedes cell entry. Thus, RBD of SARS-CoV-2...
Research Article

Simultaneous Detection of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae and Haemophilus parasuis in Pig by Duplex Droplet Digital PCR

Wen Wen, Lei Shi, Xun Chen
Pages: 369 - 376
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (A. pleuropneumoniae) and Haemophilus parasuis (H. parasuis) are important pathogens of swine, which cause great economic losses in the swine industry and bring great safety hazards to food safety. In this study, we established a duplex Droplet Digital Polymerase Chain...
Review Article

Extraction Methods of Virgin Coconut Oil and Palm-pressed Mesocarp Oil and their Phytonutrients

Sreeranjini Sundrasegaran, Siau Hui Mah
Pages: 381 - 391
The Refined, Bleached and Deodorized (RBD) Coconut Oil (CO) and RBD Palm Oil (PO) are heavily consumed as cooking oils by Asians. Recently, Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) and Palm-pressed Mesocarp Oil (PPMO) emerged into the market as functional oils. A number of studies were conducted to extract these edible...
Research Article

In vitro Anti-Inflammatory Potency of Sanguinarine and Chelerythrine via Interaction with Glucocorticoid Receptor

Jie Zhang, Yuan Liang, Li Ren, Tiehua Zhang
Pages: 392 - 398
As quaternary benzo[c]phenanthridine alkaloids, sanguinarine and chelerythrine possess multiple biological activities including anti-inflammatory effects. They have been confirmed to regulate gene expression of inflammatory-related cytokines at transcription level. This work aims to investigate the glucocorticoid-like...

Eukaryotic Expression and Purification Technology of Glucosidase in Pichia Pastoris

Weijie Zhou, Dongsheng Yao, Weibin Bai
Pages: 406 - 409
Glucosidase is one of the most important hydrolases in the carbohydrate metabolism pathway in human body. It is noteworthy that glucosidase was raising high attention in numerous researches, attributed to its functional values and biological activities. The expression, secretion, extraction, purification,...