eFood

Volume 1, Issue 6, December 2020, Pages 381 - 391

Extraction Methods of Virgin Coconut Oil and Palm-pressed Mesocarp Oil and their Phytonutrients

Authors
Sreeranjini Sundrasegaran, Siau Hui Mah*
School of Biosciences, Taylor’s University (Lakeside Campus), 1, Jalan Taylor’s, Subang Jaya, Selangor 47500, Malaysia
*Corresponding author. Email: SiauHui.Mah@taylors.edu.my
Corresponding Author
Siau Hui Mah
Received 9 June 2020, Accepted 24 August 2020, Available Online 7 November 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/efood.k.201106.001How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Antioxidant, carotene, Cocos nucifera, crude palm oil (CPO), Elaeis guineensis, enzymatic extraction, fatty acid profile (FA), supercritical fluid extraction (SFE)
Abstract

The Refined, Bleached and Deodorized (RBD) Coconut Oil (CO) and RBD Palm Oil (PO) are heavily consumed as cooking oils by Asians. Recently, Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) and Palm-pressed Mesocarp Oil (PPMO) emerged into the market as functional oils. A number of studies were conducted to extract these edible oils by using different methods and conditions. Thus, this review focuses on the extraction methods of CO, VCO, CPO and PPMO, together with their yields and phytonutrient profiles. Phytonutrients such as carotenoids, tocopherol and tocotrienols, squalene, phytosterol and coenzyme Q10 were found in all the oils with various concentrations depending on their respective extraction methods. Supercritical Fluid Extraction (SFE) showed the highest efficiency in extracting VCO and PPMO among the extraction methods, in terms of yield and phytonutrient contents. VCO extracted by SFE contains higher medium chain fatty acids which promotes good digestibility when compared to other extraction methods. PPMO extracted by SFE is clean with a pleasant aroma without the presence of the gums and contains a lower amount of phospholipids. Furthermore, water soluble-phenolics were found to be present in the PPMO that contribute to its antioxidant activity. Thus, SFE is highly recommended for the extraction of VCO and PPMO.

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Copyright
© 2020 The Authors. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Journal
eFood
Volume-Issue
1 - 6
Pages
381 - 391
Publication Date
2020/11/07
ISSN (Online)
2666-3066
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/efood.k.201106.001How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2020 The Authors. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Sreeranjini Sundrasegaran
AU  - Siau Hui Mah
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/11/07
TI  - Extraction Methods of Virgin Coconut Oil and Palm-pressed Mesocarp Oil and their Phytonutrients
JO  - eFood
SP  - 381
EP  - 391
VL  - 1
IS  - 6
SN  - 2666-3066
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/efood.k.201106.001
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/efood.k.201106.001
ID  - Sundrasegaran2020
ER  -