A Multimodal Adversarial Attack Framework Based on Local and Random Search Algorithms
- https://doi.org/10.2991/ijcis.d.210624.001How to use a DOI?
- Adversarial attack, Multimodal applications, Adversarial image, Adversarial text, Local search, Random search
Although many problems in computer vision and natural language processing have made breakthrough progress with neural networks, adversarial attack is a serious potential problem in many neural network- based applications. Attackers can mislead classifiers with slightly perturbed examples, which are called adversarial examples. As the existing adversarial attacks are specific to application and have difficulty in general usage, we propose a multimodal adversarial attack framework to attack both text and image classifiers. The proposed framework firstly generates candidate set to find the substitution words or pixels and generate candidate adversarial examples. Secondly, the framework updates candidate set and search adversarial examples with three local or random search methods [beam search, genetic algorithm (GA) search, particle swarm optimization (PSO) search]. The experiments demonstrate that the proposed framework effectively generates image and text adversarial examples. Comparing the proposed methods with other image adversarial attacks in MNIST dataset, the PSO search in the framework has 98.4% attack success rate which outperforms other methods. Besides, the beam search has the best attack efficiency and human imperception in both MNIST and CIFAR-10 dataset. Comparing with other text adversarial attacks, the beam search in the framework has an attack success rate of 91.5%, which outperforms other existing and the proposed search methods. In attack efficiency, the beam search also outperforms other methods, meaning that we can craft text adversarial examples with less perturbation using beam search.
- © 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Zibo Yi AU - Jie Yu AU - Yusong Tan AU - Qingbo Wu PY - 2021 DA - 2021/07/05 TI - A Multimodal Adversarial Attack Framework Based on Local and Random Search Algorithms JO - International Journal of Computational Intelligence Systems SP - 1934 EP - 1947 VL - 14 IS - 1 SN - 1875-6883 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/ijcis.d.210624.001 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/ijcis.d.210624.001 ID - Yi2021 ER -