Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume 8, Issue 1-2, December 2018, Pages 59 - 64

Armed Conflict in Central America and Immigrant Food Insecurity in the United States

Authors
Jeremy C. Green1, *, Eric Adjei Boakye2, Ellen K. Barnidge3, Michael G. Vaughn4
1Saint Louis University, Department of Health Management and Policy, Saint Louis, MO, USA
2Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Department of Population Science and Policy, Springfield, MO, USA
3Saint Louis University, Department of Health Behavior and Education, Saint Louis, MO, USA
4Saint Louis University, School of Social Work, Saint Louis, MO, USA
*Corresponding author. Email: jeremy.green@slu.edu
Received 5 January 2018, Accepted 28 February 2018, Available Online 31 December 2018.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/j.jegh.2018.02.005How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Armed conflict, food supply, immigrant
Abstract

Central American immigrants to the United States are a growing population with rates of food insecurity that exceed national averages. We analyzed multiple years of data from the Center for System Peace and the Current Population Survey, Food Security Survey Module, from 1998 to 2015. We used ordered probit and probit regressions to quantify associations between premigration residence in a country exposed to armed conflict in Central America and the food insecurity of immigrants in the United States. The study sample included 5682 females and 5801 males between the ages of 19 and 69 years who were born in Central America and migrated to the United States. The mean age of individuals included in the study sample was 38.2 years for females (standard deviation, 11.0) and 36.8 years for males (standard deviation, 10.6). Premigration armed conflict was associated with a 10.7% point increase in postmigration food insecurity among females (95% confidence interval, 6.8–14.5), and a 9.5% point increase among males (95% confidence interval, 5.0–14.0).

Copyright
© 2018 Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licences/by-nc/4.0/).

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Journal
Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Volume-Issue
8 - 1
Pages
59 - 64
Publication Date
2018/12
ISSN (Online)
2210-6014
ISSN (Print)
2210-6006
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/j.jegh.2018.02.005How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2018 Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licences/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Jeremy C. Green
AU  - Eric Adjei Boakye
AU  - Ellen K. Barnidge
AU  - Michael G. Vaughn
PY  - 2018
DA  - 2018/12
TI  - Armed Conflict in Central America and Immigrant Food Insecurity in the United States
JO  - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
SP  - 59
EP  - 64
VL  - 8
IS  - 1-2
SN  - 2210-6014
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/j.jegh.2018.02.005
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/j.jegh.2018.02.005
ID  - Green2018
ER  -