Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume 3, Issue 1, March 2013, Pages 3 - 10

Assessing the overuse of antibiotics in children with URTIs in Saudi Arabia: Development of the parental perception on antibiotics scale (PAPA scale)

Authors
Arwa Alumrana, b, c, *, Arwa.alumran@gmail.com, Xiang-Yu Houa, b, Cameron Hursta, b
aSchool of Public Health & Social Work, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane 4059, Australia
bInstitute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane 4059, Australia
cHealth Information Management and Technology Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding author. Address: 78/166 Wickham Tce, Spring Hill QLD 4000, Australia. Tel.: +966506845783.
Corresponding Author
Received 27 February 2012, Revised 18 November 2012, Accepted 27 November 2012, Available Online 26 January 2013.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2012.11.005How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Validity; Upper respiratory tract infections; Antibiotics overuse; Delphi Technique; Psychosocial; Measurement instrument; Saudi Arabia; Australia
Abstract

Background: Antibiotic overuse is influenced by several factors that can only be measured using a valid and reliable psychosocial measurement instrument. This study aims to establish translation and early stage validation of an instrument recently developed by this research team to measure factors influencing the overuse of antibiotics in children with upper respiratory tract infections in Saudi Arabia.

Method: The content evaluation panel was composed of area experts approached using the Delphi Technique. Experts were provided with the questionnaires iteratively, on a three-round basis until consensus on the relevance of items was reached independently. Translation was achieved by adapting Brislin’s model of translation.

Results: After going through the iterative process with the experts, consensus was reached to 58 items (including demographics). Experts also pointed out some issues related to ambiguity and redundancy in some items. A final Arabic version was produced from the translation process.

Conclusion: This study produced preliminary validation of the developed instrument from the experts’ contributions. Then, the instrument was translated from English to Arabic. The instrument will undergo further validation steps in the future, such as construct validity.

Copyright
© 2013 Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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Journal
Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Volume-Issue
3 - 1
Pages
3 - 10
Publication Date
2013/01/26
ISSN (Online)
2210-6014
ISSN (Print)
2210-6006
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2012.11.005How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2013 Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Arwa Alumran
AU  - Xiang-Yu Hou
AU  - Cameron Hurst
PY  - 2013
DA  - 2013/01/26
TI  - Assessing the overuse of antibiotics in children with URTIs in Saudi Arabia: Development of the parental perception on antibiotics scale (PAPA scale)
JO  - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
SP  - 3
EP  - 10
VL  - 3
IS  - 1
SN  - 2210-6014
UR  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2012.11.005
DO  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2012.11.005
ID  - Alumran2013
ER  -