Assessing the overuse of antibiotics in children with URTIs in Saudi Arabia: Development of the parental perception on antibiotics scale (PAPA scale)
- https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2012.11.005How to use a DOI?
- Validity; Upper respiratory tract infections; Antibiotics overuse; Delphi Technique; Psychosocial; Measurement instrument; Saudi Arabia; Australia
Background: Antibiotic overuse is influenced by several factors that can only be measured using a valid and reliable psychosocial measurement instrument. This study aims to establish translation and early stage validation of an instrument recently developed by this research team to measure factors influencing the overuse of antibiotics in children with upper respiratory tract infections in Saudi Arabia.
Method: The content evaluation panel was composed of area experts approached using the Delphi Technique. Experts were provided with the questionnaires iteratively, on a three-round basis until consensus on the relevance of items was reached independently. Translation was achieved by adapting Brislin’s model of translation.
Results: After going through the iterative process with the experts, consensus was reached to 58 items (including demographics). Experts also pointed out some issues related to ambiguity and redundancy in some items. A final Arabic version was produced from the translation process.
Conclusion: This study produced preliminary validation of the developed instrument from the experts’ contributions. Then, the instrument was translated from English to Arabic. The instrument will undergo further validation steps in the future, such as construct validity.
- © 2013 Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Arwa Alumran AU - Xiang-Yu Hou AU - Cameron Hurst PY - 2013 DA - 2013/01/26 TI - Assessing the overuse of antibiotics in children with URTIs in Saudi Arabia: Development of the parental perception on antibiotics scale (PAPA scale) JO - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health SP - 3 EP - 10 VL - 3 IS - 1 SN - 2210-6014 UR - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2012.11.005 DO - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jegh.2012.11.005 ID - Alumran2013 ER -