Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 8 January 2020

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Lebanese Community Pharmacists toward Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Authors
Souheil Hallit1, 2, *, Rouba Karen Zeidan2, 3, Sylvia Saade4, Aline Hajj5, 6, Rabih Hallit1, Charbel Yahchouchy3, Nelly Kheir7, Katia Iskandar8, Hala Sacre2, 9, Pascale Salameh2, 10, 11
1Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik (USEK), Jounieh, Lebanon
2Institut National de Santé Publique, Epidémiologie Clinique et Toxicologie - Liban (INSPECT-LB), Beirut, Lebanon
3Faculty of Public Health 2, Lebanese University, Fanar, Lebanon
4School of Pharmacy, Lebanese International University, Beirut, Lebanon
5Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, Pharmacie clinique et Contrôle de Qualité des médicaments, Pôle Technologie-Santé (PTS), Faculty of Pharmacy, Saint-Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon
6Faculty of Pharmacy, Saint-Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon
7Faculty of Pedagogy, Holy Family University, 5534 Batroun, Lebanon
8INSERM, Equipe 5, EQUITY, Toulouse, France
9Drug Information Center, Order of Pharmacists of Lebanon, Beirut, Lebanon
10Faculty of Pharmacy, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
11Faculty of Medicine, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
*Corresponding author. Email: souheilhallit@hotmail.com
Corresponding Author
Souheil Hallit
Received 15 May 2019, Accepted 11 December 2019, Available Online 8 January 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.191215.004How to use a DOI?
Keywords
COPD, knowledge, attitude, practice, community, pharmacists
Abstract

Inclusion of a pharmacist showed that pharmacy-led patient education can positively impact treatment outcome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) knowledge, medication adherence, quality of life, significant reduction in hospital admission rates, and emergency department visits. The objectives were to assess the degree of COPD knowledge in Lebanese community pharmacists as well as their attitudes and practice toward disease management. Between January and May 2018, a cross-sectional survey enrolled 709 Lebanese community pharmacists. A committee was created to build up the questionnaire; it was composed of two physicians (one infectious disease specialist and one pulmonologist) and eight pharmacists, with long expertise in community and hospital pharmacy. It comprised 12 questions assessing knowledge, 12 questions for attitude, and 13 questions for practice. Higher attitude (β = 0.56) and higher practice (β = 0.41) were associated with higher knowledge score. Higher knowledge (β = 0.10) and practice (β = 0.16) scores as well as female gender (β = 0.60) were significantly associated with higher attitude scores. Higher knowledge (β = 0.13) and higher attitude (β = 0.19) showed significant association with higher practice scores. Female gender (β = −0.94), however, was significantly associated with decreased practice score. Our study highlights the importance of assessing the capabilities of pharmacists of achieving their support role in COPD patients. In order to improve community pharmacists’ knowledge of COPD, ultimately improving patient outcomes, further education is crucial.

Copyright
© 2019 Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Journal
Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Publication Date
2020/01
ISSN (Online)
2210-6014
ISSN (Print)
2210-6006
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.191215.004How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2019 Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Souheil Hallit
AU  - Rouba Karen Zeidan
AU  - Sylvia Saade
AU  - Aline Hajj
AU  - Rabih Hallit
AU  - Charbel Yahchouchy
AU  - Nelly Kheir
AU  - Katia Iskandar
AU  - Hala Sacre
AU  - Pascale Salameh
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/01
TI  - Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Lebanese Community Pharmacists toward Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
JO  - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
SN  - 2210-6014
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.191215.004
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.191215.004
ID  - Hallit2020
ER  -