Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume 10, Issue 1, March 2020, Pages 82 - 85

HIV Testing among General Population with Sexually Transmitted Infection: Findings from Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey (2015–16)

Authors
Kyaw Lwin Show1, *, Hemant Deepak Shewade2, 3, Khine Wut Yee Kyaw2, 4, Khin Thet Wai1, San Hone5, , Htun Nyunt Oo5,
1Department of Medical Research, Ministry of Health and Sports, Yangon 11191, Myanmar
2Centre for Operational Research, International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (The Union), Paris 75006, France
3Department of Operational Research, The Union South-East Asia, New Delhi 110016, India
4Department of Operational Research, The Union Myanmar Country Office, Mandalay 05021, Myanmar
5National AIDS Programme, Department of Public Health, Ministry of Health and Sports, Nay Pyi Taw 15011, Myanmar

Contributed equally as senior authors.

*Corresponding author. Email: kyawlwins@gmail.com
Corresponding Author
Kyaw Lwin Show
Received 29 July 2019, Accepted 3 December 2019, Available Online 10 February 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.191206.002How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Cross-sectional survey, Demographic Health Survey, HIV testing, sexually transmitted diseases, risk factors, Structured Operational Research and Training Initiative (SORT IT)
Abstract

Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) testing and counseling is recommended for people with Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). In Myanmar, HIV testing and its predictors among those with STI in general population is unknown.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using secondary data from Myanmar demographic and health survey 2015–16. We included all women and men aged 15–49 years that reported having STI in the past 12 months. Self-reported HIV testing and its predictors were assessed (using modified Poisson regression with robust variance estimates). We have provided weighted estimates as the analyses were weighted for the multistage sampling design.

Results: Of 998 self-reported STIs, 96 [9.6%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 7.5, 12.1] had been tested for HIV in the past 12 months. Respondents who were residing in hilly regions [adjusted prevalence ratio (aPR): 2.28, 95% CI: 1.29, 4.04] were more likely to have taken the HIV test. However, people in the poorest quintile (aPR: 0.34, 95% CI: 0.12, 0.96) and those who were staying at the current residence for more than 12 months (aPR: 0.45, 95% CI: 0.25, 0.79) were less likely to have taken HIV test.

Conclusion: There is a necessity to promote HIV literacy and HIV testing among those with STI with focus on the poorest populations.

Copyright
© 2020 Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Journal
Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Volume-Issue
10 - 1
Pages
82 - 85
Publication Date
2020/02/10
ISSN (Online)
2210-6014
ISSN (Print)
2210-6006
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.191206.002How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2020 Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Kyaw Lwin Show
AU  - Hemant Deepak Shewade
AU  - Khine Wut Yee Kyaw
AU  - Khin Thet Wai
AU  - San Hone
AU  - Htun Nyunt Oo
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/02/10
TI  - HIV Testing among General Population with Sexually Transmitted Infection: Findings from Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey (2015–16)
JO  - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
SP  - 82
EP  - 85
VL  - 10
IS  - 1
SN  - 2210-6014
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.191206.002
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.191206.002
ID  - Show2020
ER  -