HIV Testing among General Population with Sexually Transmitted Infection: Findings from Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey (2015–16)
Contributed equally as senior authors.
- 10.2991/jegh.k.191206.002How to use a DOI?
- Cross-sectional survey; Demographic Health Survey; HIV testing; sexually transmitted diseases; risk factors; Structured Operational Research and Training Initiative (SORT IT)
Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) testing and counseling is recommended for people with Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). In Myanmar, HIV testing and its predictors among those with STI in general population is unknown.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using secondary data from Myanmar demographic and health survey 2015–16. We included all women and men aged 15–49 years that reported having STI in the past 12 months. Self-reported HIV testing and its predictors were assessed (using modified Poisson regression with robust variance estimates). We have provided weighted estimates as the analyses were weighted for the multistage sampling design.
Results: Of 998 self-reported STIs, 96 [9.6%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 7.5, 12.1] had been tested for HIV in the past 12 months. Respondents who were residing in hilly regions [adjusted prevalence ratio (aPR): 2.28, 95% CI: 1.29, 4.04] were more likely to have taken the HIV test. However, people in the poorest quintile (aPR: 0.34, 95% CI: 0.12, 0.96) and those who were staying at the current residence for more than 12 months (aPR: 0.45, 95% CI: 0.25, 0.79) were less likely to have taken HIV test.
Conclusion: There is a necessity to promote HIV literacy and HIV testing among those with STI with focus on the poorest populations.
- © 2020 Atlantis Press International B.V.
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- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
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TY - JOUR AU - Kyaw Lwin Show AU - Hemant Deepak Shewade AU - Khine Wut Yee Kyaw AU - Khin Thet Wai AU - San Hone AU - Htun Nyunt Oo PY - 2020 DA - 2020/02/10 TI - HIV Testing among General Population with Sexually Transmitted Infection: Findings from Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey (2015–16) JO - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health SP - 82 EP - 85 VL - 10 IS - 1 SN - 2210-6014 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.191206.002 DO - 10.2991/jegh.k.191206.002 ID - Show2020 ER -