COVID-19-related Traumatic Effects and Psychological Reactions among International Students
Bijia Song and Yilin Zhao contribute equally to this article.
- 10.2991/jegh.k.201016.001How to use a DOI?
- COVID-19; international students; psychological impact; DASS-21; PCL-C
Objective: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a public health emergency of international concern and poses a challenge to people’s psychological resilience. Students are reported to have greater psychological impacts from COVID-19. This study aimed to survey international students to better understand their traumatic effects and psychological reactions from COVID-19, to develop evidence-driven strategies to reduce adverse psychological impact during the pandemic.
Method: We conducted an online survey that collected information on the demographics, economic conditions, academic conditions, and health statuses of native Chinese students attending university in the U.S. Psychological impact was assessed by the Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Checklist Civilian Version (PCL-C) and mental health status was assessed by the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale.
Results: This study included 261 Chinese international students. In total, 37.5% of respondents’ PTSD PCL-C scores measured as moderate or severe. International students who were currently in China facing job-hunting or planning to continue studying abroad, severe economic pressure, and poor self-rated health status were significantly associated with greater PTSD PCL-C scores and higher levels of stress, anxiety, and depression.
Conclusion: During the COVID-19 pandemic, more than one-third of the respondents rated their PTSD PCL-C score as moderate-to-severe and nearly half of them reported moderate-to-severe anxiety. Our findings identify factors such as future academic plan, economic pressure, and health status are associated with higher levels of psychological impact and worse mental health status. These should receive attention and psychological interventions should be implemented to improve the mental health of international students during the COVID-19 pandemic.
- © 2020 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Bijia Song AU - Yilin Zhao AU - Junchao Zhu PY - 2020 DA - 2020/10/24 TI - COVID-19-related Traumatic Effects and Psychological Reactions among International Students JO - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health SP - 117 EP - 123 VL - 11 IS - 1 SN - 2210-6014 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.201016.001 DO - 10.2991/jegh.k.201016.001 ID - Song2020 ER -