Assessment of Knowledge, Perceptions and Perceived Risk Concerning COVID-19 in Pakistan
- https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.210109.001How to use a DOI?
- COVID-19; perceptions; knowledge; coronavirus; risk assessment; myths; pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic is one of unmatched scale and severity. A continued state of crisis has been met with poor public adherence to preventive measures and difficulty implementing public health policy. This study aims to identify and evaluate the factors underlying such a response. Thus, it assesses the knowledge, perceived risk, and trust in the sources of information in relation to the novel coronavirus disease at the outset of the COVID-19 pandemic. An online questionnaire was completed between March 20 and 27, 2020. Knowledge, perceptions, and perceived risk (Likert scale) were assessed for 737 literate participants of a representative sample in an urban setting. We found that respondents’ risk perception for novel coronavirus disease was high. The perceived risk score for both cognitive and affective domains was raised at 2.24 ± 1.3 (eight items) and 3.01 ± 1 (seven items) respectively. Misconceptions and gaps in knowledge regarding COVID-19 were noted. Religious leadership was the least trusted (10%) while health authorities were the most trusted (35%) sources of information. Our findings suggest that there was a deficiency in knowledge and high concern about the pandemic, leading to a higher risk perception, especially in the affective domain. Thus, we recommend comprehensive education programs, planned intensive risk communication, and a concerted effort by all stakeholders to mitigate the spread of disease. The first of its kind in the region, this study will be critical to response efforts against current and future outbreaks.
- © 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Ayesha Haque AU - Sadaf Mumtaz AU - Rafia Mumtaz AU - Farheen Masood AU - Hudebia Allah Buksh AU - Amal Ahmed AU - Osama Khattak PY - 2021 DA - 2021/01/20 TI - Assessment of Knowledge, Perceptions and Perceived Risk Concerning COVID-19 in Pakistan JO - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health SP - 186 EP - 193 VL - 11 IS - 2 SN - 2210-6014 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.210109.001 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/jegh.k.210109.001 ID - Haque2021 ER -