Volume 14, Issue 1, February 2007, Pages 95 - 111
A geometric interpretation of the complex tensor Riccati equation for Gaussian beams
Received 24 May 2006, Accepted 24 August 2006, Available Online 1 February 2007.
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- We study the complex Riccati tensor equation DcG + GCG - R = 0 on a geodesic c on a Riemannian 3-manifold. This non-linear equation appears in the study of Gaussian beams. Gaussian beams are asymptotic solutions to hyperbolic equations that at each time instant are concentrated around one point in space. When time moves forward, Gaussian beams move along geodesics, and the Riccati equation determines the Hessian of the phase function for the Gaussian beam. The imaginary part of a solution G describes how a Gaussian beam decays in different directions of space. The main result of the present work is that the real part of G is the shape operator of the phase front for the Gaussian beam. This result generalizes a known result for the Riccati equation in R3 . The idea of the proof is to express the Riccati equation in Fermi coordinates adapted to the underlying geodesic. In Euclidean geometry we also study when the phase front is contained in the area of influence, or light cone.
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Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - M.F. Dahl PY - 2007 DA - 2007/02 TI - A geometric interpretation of the complex tensor Riccati equation for Gaussian beams JO - Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics SP - 95 EP - 111 VL - 14 IS - 1 SN - 1776-0852 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/jnmp.2007.14.1.8 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/jnmp.2007.14.1.8 ID - Dahl2007 ER -