Anchor-based Goals and Personality Effects on Hazard Identification in Risk Assessment
- https://doi.org/10.2991/jracr.k.201014.001How to use a DOI?
- Goal; target; anchor; hazard; risk; identification; assessment
Hazard identification is a crucial first step in risk assessment. There are many cases in which hazard identification is carried out by non-experts. One concern is that valid hazards are overlooked and so not considered for mitigation or prevention. This study examined whether a goal-setting anchor could encourage the identification of more hazards and so reduce the likelihood that they are overlooked. Seventy-two participants were recruited to an online study to identify hazards in four vignettes. The participants were randomly allocated to a high or low anchor condition in which they were told that experts typically identify at least two or at least eight hazards. Participants also completed a five-factor personality measure. It was found that, compared to the low anchor, the high anchor increased word count, time on task and number of hazards identified. The effect of the anchor on hazards identified was robust even taking into account personality, time on task and word count. Conscientiousness was also associated with identifying more hazards. Overall, the use of anchors to set goals for hazard identification offers a low-cost intervention to improve risk assessment for non-experts.
- © 2020 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Piers Fleming AU - Harry England PY - 2020 DA - 2020/11/02 TI - Anchor-based Goals and Personality Effects on Hazard Identification in Risk Assessment JO - Journal of Risk Analysis and Crisis Response SP - 113 EP - 118 VL - 10 IS - 3 SN - 2210-8505 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/jracr.k.201014.001 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/jracr.k.201014.001 ID - Fleming2020 ER -