Volume 8, Issue 3, October 2018, Pages 131 - 141
Assessing the Influence of Environmental Factors on Spatial Soil Erosion Risk based on the Certainty Coefficient Method
Jun Wang, Qinghua Gong, Yan Yu
Received 13 August 2018, Accepted 1 September 2018, Available Online 1 October 2018.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/jrarc.2018.8.3.2How to use a DOI?
- soil erosion, environmental factor, CF value, soil conservation, Nanling National Nature Reserve
- Soil erosion is a very serious ecological problem and remains a highly contentious issue in Nanling National Nature Reserve, China. This paper assessed the spatial relationships between soil erosion risk and the environmental factors affecting soil erosion. Such research is significant for monitoring future land use/cover changes, including agricultural expansion and deterioration of forest resources. First, the soil erosion spatial distribution map was obtained by interpreting consecutive Landsat 8 satellite images, of which the interpreted result was validated via the intensive fieldwork. Then, from the perspective of topography, land cover, soil and rainfall, environmental factors that may influence the soil erosion risk were selected to quantitative test the relationships between soil erosion risk and the environmental factors using a certainty coefficient method. The results indicate that soil erosion is highly correlated to specific slope categories, elevation zones, distance to rivers, land use/cover type, stratum lithology, soil types and annual 24h maximum rainfall. The occurrence probability of soil erosion is high in the area where the slope is larger than 40°. A remarkable variation in soil erosion loss displays in areas above 1300 m of elevation, and areas below 500 m. The probability of soil erosion is the highest in the area within 100 meters of distance to rivers. Cultivated land, grassland and artificial surface land covers have the strongest soil erosion. The probability of soil erosion in the Cambrian and Carboniferous strata is the highest among the lithology categories. The red soil and scrubby-meadow soil have the strongest soil erosion. Soil erosion in the area of annual maximum 24h rainfall between 110 mm and 120 mm is stronger than other area. The reported results provided viable information essential to control soil erosion, reduce soil loss, and achieve sustainable ecological development.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Jun Wang AU - Qinghua Gong AU - Yan Yu PY - 2018 DA - 2018/10 TI - Assessing the Influence of Environmental Factors on Spatial Soil Erosion Risk based on the Certainty Coefficient Method JO - Journal of Risk Analysis and Crisis Response SP - 131 EP - 141 VL - 8 IS - 3 SN - 2210-8505 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/jrarc.2018.8.3.2 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/jrarc.2018.8.3.2 ID - Wang2018 ER -