Proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Research in Social Sciences and Humanities Universitas Indonesia Conference (APRISH 2019)

Two-Level Games Theory in Panama–Taiwan Diplomatic Relations

Authors
Hafiyer Al Halim THA
Corresponding Author
Hafiyer Al Halim THA
Available Online 31 May 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210531.018How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Panama, Taiwan, China, United States, Foreign Policy, two-level games
Abstract

On June 13, 2017, Taiwan faced shocking news. Panama announced abandoning diplomatic ties with Taiwan. On the same day, Panama also announced that it had officially established diplomatic relations with China. Taiwan responded with their disappointment in Panama for ending their long-time good relations. This raises questions about why Panama unilaterally broke diplomatic relations with Taiwan and turned to China, even though the two countries had had good relations for more than 100 years. This study describes the variables associated with the theory of two-level games by Robert Putnam. From the author’s analysis, domestic and international level variables have the same size effect in achieving a win-set, which means termination of diplomatic relations. China succeeded in winning negotiations at the international level with strategic thinking that could benefit Panama in many aspects. Likewise, domestically, economic and historical factors were a burdensome reason for this foreign policy consideration.

Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Research in Social Sciences and Humanities Universitas Indonesia Conference (APRISH 2019)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
31 May 2021
ISBN
978-94-6239-385-1
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210531.018How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Hafiyer Al Halim THA
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/05/31
TI  - Two-Level Games Theory in Panama–Taiwan Diplomatic Relations
BT  - Proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Research in Social Sciences and Humanities Universitas Indonesia Conference (APRISH 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 147
EP  - 153
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210531.018
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210531.018
ID  - THA2021
ER  -