Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Biomedical and Biological Engineering 2017 (BBE 2017)

Effects of Tween 80 on Degradation of Benzo[ƒ]pyrene in Soils Growing Sudan Grass

Authors
Sheng-wang PAN, Zhi-hua LEI, Yun-xiao WU, Mao-ping HE
Corresponding Author
Sheng-wang PAN
Available Online May 2017.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-17.2017.36How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Phytoremediation, Surfactants, SEPR, Benzo[ ]Pyrene, Tween 80.
Abstract
Phytoremediation is becoming a cost-effective technology for the in-situ clean up of sites polluted with hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOCs). The major factors limiting phytoremediation are the mass transfer, rate of plant uptake, and microbial biodegradation of HOCs. To evaluate the potential of surfactants to enhance phytoremediation for HOC-contaminated sites, the efficacy of Sudan grass, at the absence or presence of polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate (Tween 80), on the degradation of benzo[ ]pyrene (BaP) in soils were investigated, and mechanisms of surfactant-enhanced phytoremediation (SEPR) were discussed. Results showed that the presence of Tween 80 enhanced dissipation of BaP at initial contents ranging from 20.24 to 321.42 mg/kg. During the 70-d SEPR-experiments, about 731.84~469.99 of BaP was removed from planted soils, only 242.28~122.79 degradation of BaP occurred in unplanted ones. With the presence of Tween 80, the dissipation ratios of BaP in planted ones were increased up to 863.94~609.63 , which was 139.64~ 190.16 higher than those in corresponding soils without surfactant. Among all possible pathways, contribution of plant-microbial interactions on dissipation of BaP was the most significant, either at the presence (456.73 ) or absence (515.58 ) of Tween 80, were the primary means of contaminant degradation. Results suggested SEPR may be a feasible way for reinforcing removal of HOCs in contaminated sites.
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This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Proceedings
2nd International Conference on Biomedical and Biological Engineering 2017 (BBE 2017)
Part of series
Advances in Biological Sciences Research
Publication Date
May 2017
ISBN
978-94-6252-362-3
ISSN
2468-5747
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-17.2017.36How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Sheng-wang PAN
AU  - Zhi-hua LEI
AU  - Yun-xiao WU
AU  - Mao-ping HE
PY  - 2017/05
DA  - 2017/05
TI  - Effects of Tween 80 on Degradation of Benzo[ƒ]pyrene in Soils Growing Sudan Grass
BT  - 2nd International Conference on Biomedical and Biological Engineering 2017 (BBE 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2468-5747
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-17.2017.36
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-17.2017.36
ID  - PAN2017/05
ER  -