Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Biomedical and Biological Engineering 2017 (BBE 2017)

A Novel Indicator for Quantitative Assessment of Articular Cartilage Degeneration Using Ultrasound

Authors
Jing-chen ZHANG, Qiong HE, Zhi-xiu HAO, Jian-wen LUO, Li-ying XIAO
Corresponding Author
Jing-chen ZHANG
Available Online May 2017.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-17.2017.89How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Ultrasound, Cartilage, Backscatter, Quantitative, Degeneration.
Abstract
Assessment of articular cartilage degeneration induced by degenerative diseases using quantitative ultrasound method is promising but challenging. Currently, in literature, proposed methods have limited diagnostic abilities, and some quantitative ultrasound cartilage evaluation results are inconsistent or hard to compare with each other. Thus it is desirable to find a parameter which is easier to compare and can sensitively reflect changes due to cartilage degeneration. In the present study, a new parameter "averaged magnitude ratio" (AMR) was defined as an indicator to detect articular cartilage degeneration. In vitro experiments were conducted on 12 cartilage-bone samples from porcine knee joints. Six of the samples were digested using 0.25% trypsin solution. Ultrasound V (z, t) signal was collected from the samples using a broadband ultrasound transducer with center frequency of 15MHz. Integrated reflection coefficient (IRC), apparent integrated backscattering coefficient (AIB) and AMR were computed from ultrasound signal. Young's modulus of the samples was measured using atomic force microscopy (AFM). With Mann-Whitney U test, statistically significant decrease in IRC and increase in AMR were observed after digestion. With Pearson's correlation analysis, Young's modulus was significantly correlated with AMR, IRC, and AIB. Our results demonstrate that AMR is sensitive to enzymatically induced cartilage changes. AMR is easier to compute, needs no reference material and can achieve equivalent or even better performance than IRC and AIB in detecting cartilage degeneration.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Proceedings
2nd International Conference on Biomedical and Biological Engineering 2017 (BBE 2017)
Part of series
Advances in Biological Sciences Research
Publication Date
May 2017
ISBN
978-94-6252-362-3
ISSN
2468-5747
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-17.2017.89How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Jing-chen ZHANG
AU  - Qiong HE
AU  - Zhi-xiu HAO
AU  - Jian-wen LUO
AU  - Li-ying XIAO
PY  - 2017/05
DA  - 2017/05
TI  - A Novel Indicator for Quantitative Assessment of Articular Cartilage Degeneration Using Ultrasound
BT  - 2nd International Conference on Biomedical and Biological Engineering 2017 (BBE 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2468-5747
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-17.2017.89
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/bbe-17.2017.89
ID  - ZHANG2017/05
ER  -