Proceedings of the Brawijaya International Conference on Multidisciplinary Sciences and Technology (BICMST 2020)

Democracy and Human Security: Analysis on the Trajectory of Indonesia’s Democratization

Authors
Rika Kurniaty
Corresponding Author
Rika Kurniaty
Available Online 22 October 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201021.067How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Democracy, human security, oligarchy, actor-centered approach
Abstract

Democracy institution is believed would naturally lead to greater human security. The end of communism in the Soviet Union and other countries has been described as the triumph of democracy throughout the world, which quickly led to claims that there is now a right to democracy as guide principles in international law. In Indonesia, attention to the notion of democracy developed very rapidly in the late 1990s. In Indonesia, after 32 years of President Suharto’s authoritarian regime from 1966 to 1998, Indonesia finally began the democratization phase in May 1998. It worth noting that Indonesia has experienced four different periods of different government and political systems since its independent, and all those stage of systems claim to be democratic. However, this article maintains that the Indonesian political system could be classified into two periods: the authoritarian period and the democracy period. President Sukarno’s Guided Democracy (from 1959 to 1965) and President Suharto’s Pancasila Democracy (from 1966 to 1998) were an authoritarian period, while Parliamentary government (from 1950 to 1957) and the post-Suharto era (from 1998 to present) are considered as a democratic period. This paper aims to analytically elaborate democracy and human security by elaborating the development of Indonesia’s democracy and the historical context of democratization in the country. This paper also discusses the contemporary debate on structural approach and actor-centered approach on Indonesia’s democracy.

Copyright
© 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the Brawijaya International Conference on Multidisciplinary Sciences and Technology (BICMST 2020)
Series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
22 October 2020
ISBN
978-94-6239-263-2
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201021.067How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2020, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Rika Kurniaty
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/10/22
TI  - Democracy and Human Security: Analysis on the Trajectory of Indonesia’s Democratization
BT  - Proceedings of the Brawijaya International Conference on Multidisciplinary Sciences and Technology (BICMST 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 278
EP  - 287
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201021.067
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201021.067
ID  - Kurniaty2020
ER  -