Proceedings of the 2017 2nd International Conference on Biological Sciences and Technology (BST 2017)

Microscopic Characteristics of Leaf Epidermal Cells and Flowers in Two Types of Ficus Tikoua Bur.

Authors
Di-Ya Lei, Hao-Ru Tang, Yan Wang, Qing Chen
Corresponding Author
Di-Ya Lei
Available Online February 2018.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/bst-17.2018.48How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Ficus, Leaf epidermis morphology, Microscopic observation of male and female flowers.
Abstract

Ficus tikoua is one of a special species in genus Ficus, Moraceae, which characterized by its creeping vine structures. Generally, there are two different types of plants in the species: the commonly mistakenly known 'Male Ficus' which is edible, and the other hypothetical 'Female Ficus', which are not edible. It is difficult to distinguish them through the outer appearance like through stems characters or leaves shapes. Botanically, these two are corresponding to the 'normal inflorescence' syconia and 'gall flowers inflorescence' syconia. Currently, most studies confined to the former one, while the characteristics of the latter, as well as the differences between the two has not yet been reported. In this experiment, leaf epidermis microscopic characteristics (number of stoma, pore size, existence of cystoliths) were observed and compared between the two. The results showed that: 'male and female inflorescence' has larger stoma (average size of 39.55 m long and 29.13 m wide) but has a smaller density (2420/mm2); In addition, two strains both have obvious linear stalactitic structure with 17.10 m in width. The cell size has little difference between the two. Obvious anatomical differences were observed in the fruit: 'male and female inflorescence' has a clear structure for stamens and pistils, but the quantities of pistils with lateral stigma and fused bracts are much higher than stamens. The 'gall Flower' plants have no obvious typical inflorescence structure, a uniform rod protruding epidermis, and occasionally lateral style, a slender, but with not obvious ovary. These results could provide basic information for the understanding of these wild fruit resources.

Copyright
© 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Download article (PDF)

Volume Title
Proceedings of the 2017 2nd International Conference on Biological Sciences and Technology (BST 2017)
Series
Advances in Biological Sciences Research
Publication Date
February 2018
ISBN
978-94-6252-472-9
ISSN
2468-5747
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/bst-17.2018.48How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2018, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Di-Ya Lei
AU  - Hao-Ru Tang
AU  - Yan Wang
AU  - Qing Chen
PY  - 2018/02
DA  - 2018/02
TI  - Microscopic Characteristics of Leaf Epidermal Cells and Flowers in Two Types of Ficus Tikoua Bur.
BT  - Proceedings of the 2017 2nd International Conference on Biological Sciences and Technology (BST 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 306
EP  - 309
SN  - 2468-5747
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/bst-17.2018.48
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/bst-17.2018.48
ID  - Lei2018/02
ER  -