The proceedings of the 2nd Bakti Tunas Husada-Health Science International Conference (BTH-HSIC 2019)

Phytochemical Screening and Antibacterial Activity of Flower, Stem, and Tuber of Polianthes tuberosa L. Against Acne-Inducing Bacteria

Authors
Nur Asni Setiani, Diah Lia Aulifa, Selynita, Eka Septiningsih
Corresponding Author
Diah Lia Aulifa
Available Online 8 June 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200523.023How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Polianthes tuberosa L, antibacterial, thin layer chromatography (TLC), bioautography, SEM
Abstract
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the antibacterial activity of flower, stem, and tuber of Polianthes tuberosa L against Staphylococcus epidermidis and Propionibacterium acnes. Method: The extraction was conducted by a maceration method using different polarity of solvent (n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and methanol). The antibacterial activity and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) were determined using the agar diffusion method. The analysis identified by thin layer chromatography (TLC), bioauthography assay, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results and Discussion: The antibacterial activity showed the most active extract was a methanol extract of the flower against Staphylococcus epidermidis and Propionibacterium acnes with MIC value 30 mg/ml. Observations using SEM showed that the methanol extract of flower caused to morphological change on a cellular wall of Propionibacterium acnes, and therefore the antibacterial activity was related to damaged the bacterial cellular wall. The result of bioautography assay showed the methanol extract of flower have an antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus epidermidis and Propionibacterium acnes with Rf value at 0.87. Conclusion:. The methanol extract of the Polianthes tuberosa L. flower has antibacterial activity against acne-causing bacteria by causing damage to cell walls
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Proceedings
2nd Bakti Tunas Husada-Health Science International Conference (BTH-HSIC 2019)
Part of series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
8 June 2020
ISBN
978-94-6252-976-2
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200523.023How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Nur Asni Setiani
AU  - Diah Lia Aulifa
AU  - Selynita
AU  - Eka Septiningsih
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/06/08
TI  - Phytochemical Screening and Antibacterial Activity of Flower, Stem, and Tuber of Polianthes tuberosa L. Against Acne-Inducing Bacteria
BT  - 2nd Bakti Tunas Husada-Health Science International Conference (BTH-HSIC 2019)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 92
EP  - 95
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200523.023
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200523.023
ID  - Setiani2020
ER  -