Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference “Digitalization of Education: History, Trends and Prospects” (DETP 2020)

Grammatical Lacunae of the Associative-Verbal Network: Data of Children’s Speech and the National Russian Corpus

Authors
Ye.S. Krasnoperova, N.I. Konovalova
Corresponding Author
N.I. Konovalova
Available Online 13 May 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200509.052How to use a DOI?
Keywords
ontogenesis, associative grammar, the National Russian corpus, digitalization, interdisciplinarity
Abstract
The article analyzes the process of formation of grammatical competence in early ontogenesis. The methodological basis of the research is the theory of associative-network model of language acquisition developed by Yu. N. Karaulov, and the theory of gradual change of tense grammatical systems in the process of ontogenesis. Children’s speech data are studied from the point of view of various disciplines: ontological linguistics, psycholinguistics, and corpus linguistics. Preliminary observations on the grammar patterns used by the child allowed us to put forward a hypothesis about the possible correlation of genetically early grammatical forms in the child’s speech and their frequency at subsequent stages of the development of their grammatical system. In order to verify this hypothesis, we identified the most frequent grammatical forms in the speech of children from two to five years old and the role of these forms in the process of constructing the child’s own language system. The results obtained are confirmed by statistical analysis using digital data from the National Russian corpus. The conclusions are illustrated by the analysis of the functioning of verb inflectional paradigm units in speech. The authors pay special attention to the “marginal’ parts of the paradigm, in particular, the forms of the 2nd person of the present tense of the verb, marked by low frequency in the associative-verbal network of the native speaker. Such forms are considered in the linguopragmatic aspect. The active grammatical minimum revealed in the course of the research can become the basis for developing new methods of teaching Russian as a native and non-native language when determining the “boundaries” of the active grammar range at different stages of the formation and development of grammatical competence.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Ye.S. Krasnoperova
AU  - N.I. Konovalova
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/05/13
TI  - Grammatical Lacunae of the Associative-Verbal Network: Data of Children’s Speech and the National Russian Corpus
BT  - International Scientific Conference “Digitalization of Education: History, Trends and Prospects” (DETP 2020)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 287
EP  - 291
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200509.052
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200509.052
ID  - Krasnoperova2020
ER  -