Proceedings of the Environmental Science and Technology International Conference (ESTIC 2021)

Evaluation of the Influence of Anthropogenic Disturbances on Pasture Grazing Capacity and Its Vulnerability in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions

A case study in Mongolia

Authors
Qinxue Wang1, *, Tomohiro Okadera1, Tadanobu Nakayama1, Ochirbat Batkhishig2, Dorjgotov Battogtokh2, Uudus Bayasaikhan3
1Regional Environment Conservation Division, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
2Institute of Geography and Geoecology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
3School of Arts and Sciences, National University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
*Corresponding author. Email: wangqx@nies.go.jp
Corresponding Author
Qinxue Wang
Available Online 1 November 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.211029.007How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Anthropogenic disturbances; climate change; pasture grazing capacity; vulnerability; Mongolia
Abstract

This study aims to assess the impacts of both climate change and anthropogenic disturbances such as mining development and urbanization on pasture grazing capacity and its vulnerability in arid and semi-arid regions. To achieve the purpose, we have developed an integrated model to evaluate the pasture grazing capacity (GC), grazing pressure (GP) and vulnerability (VI). The model was applied to four target areas: an urban area (Ulaanbaatar) and steppe area (Altanbulag) in semi-arid regions and a mining area (Khanbogd) and desert (Manlai) in arid regions. The results revealed that GP greatly exceeded GC in the urban and mining areas, where presented higher vulnerability than other areas. The order of GC, GP and VI was: (1) GC: steppe area > urban area > desert area > mining area, (2) GP: urban area > steppe area > mining area > desert area, and (3) VI: urban area > mining area > desert area > steppe area. Finally, the change rate of GC, GP and VI in last two decades implied that comparing with climate change; anthropogenic disturbances had more significant impacts on pasture vulnerability.

Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the Environmental Science and Technology International Conference (ESTIC 2021)
Series
Advances in Engineering Research
Publication Date
1 November 2021
ISBN
978-94-6239-446-9
ISSN
2352-5401
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.211029.007How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Qinxue Wang
AU  - Tomohiro Okadera
AU  - Tadanobu Nakayama
AU  - Ochirbat Batkhishig
AU  - Dorjgotov Battogtokh
AU  - Uudus Bayasaikhan
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/11/01
TI  - Evaluation of the Influence of Anthropogenic Disturbances on Pasture Grazing Capacity and Its Vulnerability in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions
BT  - Proceedings of the Environmental Science and Technology International Conference (ESTIC 2021)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 38
EP  - 41
SN  - 2352-5401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.211029.007
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.211029.007
ID  - Wang2021
ER  -