Proceedings of the Environmental Science and Technology International Conference (ESTIC 2021)
The Role of Education in Strengthening the Resilience of Pastoral Systems to Climate Change Adaptation
Altanbagana Myagmarsuren, Mungunchimeg Batkhuyag
The pastoral system in Mongolia is one of the most vulnerable sectors to the adverse effects of ongoing climate change because of its climatic condition, geographical location, and community lifestyle. Therefore, building a resilient socio-ecological system by reducing the sector’s vulnerability and...
Soil Erosion and Soil Organic Carbon in the Forest-Steppe Zone: A Case Study in Baga Mukhar, West Khentei, Mongolia
Batkhishig Ochirbat, Telmen Turmunkh
Specifics and relationships between soil erosion and soil organic carbon in the Mongolian forest-steppe were studied in this research, in a case of Baga Mukhar catchment, west Khentei. Soil erosion was estimated by the Cesium-137 isotope tracing method. For estimation of soil redistribution rates from...
Urban Forest Cover: Change and Response to Climate
Bayartulga Altankhuyag, Delgerjargal Dugarjav
Since 1990, due to Mongolia’s transition to a free market economy, the migration of the population to cities, especially to the capital, has rapidly increased. As a result, urban lands are expanding, forest use around the cities is becoming more chaotic, and the impact of urbanization on forests is increasing....
Comparison of Shoot Water Potential in Plantation and Natural Forest Trees of Haloxylon ammodendron (C.A.Mey) Bunge ex Fenzl Desert Region, Mongolia
Enkhchimeg Tsedensodnom, Ser-Oddamba Byambadorj, Narantugs Dulamsuren, Khaulanbek Akhmadi, Batkhuu Nyam-Osor
Haloxylon ammodendron (C.A.Mey) Bunge ex Fenzl, (Saxaul forest) is a small tree and shrub belonging to the genus Amaranthaceae. We measured shoot water potential of saxaul trees, indirectly determined the current status of shoot water potential of natural forests and planted trees, the adaptability of...
Hydrochemical and Quality Assessment of Groundwater in the Bayanzurkh District, Mongolia
Enkhjargal Togtokh, Gerelt-Od Dashdondog, Byambasuren Zorigt, Dalaijargal Sandag, Renchinbud Badrakh, Erdenetsetseg Tsogtbayar
This study was carried out to find out the level of groundwater quality and composition in the ger area of Bayanzurkh district which is not connected to the water supply network. Fieldwork was carried out within the framework of the grant project on “Study of water quality in drinking water and economy...
Medical Waste Management in Korea’s COVID-19 Response
Kim Jun ho, Kim Soon-ok, Lee Seong-han, Lee Yun-jin, Kim Ryunghwa
Medical waste is an infection hazard for humans and requires management according to stricter standards than other types of waste. In the current COVID-19 pandemic, medical waste management to the strictest of standards must take place. Since 2008, real-time medical waste management systems using radio-frequency...
Evaluation of the Influence of Anthropogenic Disturbances on Pasture Grazing Capacity and Its Vulnerability in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions
A case study in Mongolia
Qinxue Wang, Tomohiro Okadera, Tadanobu Nakayama, Ochirbat Batkhishig, Dorjgotov Battogtokh, Uudus Bayasaikhan
This study aims to assess the impacts of both climate change and anthropogenic disturbances such as mining development and urbanization on pasture grazing capacity and its vulnerability in arid and semi-arid regions. To achieve the purpose, we have developed an integrated model to evaluate the pasture...
Climate Change Impact on Social and Economic Sectors in Mongolia
Altanbagana Myagmarsuren, Saruul Galtbayar
Nomadic pastoralism is a herder-pastoral-livestock system. These components are interlinked to sustain each other and each contains some level of adaptive and resilience capacity. Thus, it is necessary to consider all components of pastoralism in a systematic manner. As a result of climate change, intensity...
Population Settlement Changes Due to Migration Impacts in Mongolia
Amangul Shugatai, Otgonkhuu Tsedevish, Enkh-Amgalan Sandag
In 1990, Mongolia experienced a volatile change in the social, political, and economic aspects of its society. In particular, inequality, poverty, and unemployment increased exponentially and the differences in development between urban and rural areas increased sharply. During this period population...
The Influence Factors of Regional Eco-efficiency in Mongolia
Bing Xia, Suocheng Dong, Yu Li, Zehong Li, Wenlong Li
It is the significance for the region to realize green sustainable development, especially for Mongolia which is an ecologically fragile developing country. In this paper, energy consumption and environmental undesirable outputs were taken as ecological environmental indicators into the input and output...
Opportunities for the Development of North Asia in the “One Belt - One Road” Project: Problems and Solutions
Suocheng Dong, Tamir Boldanov, Arnold Tulokhonov, Tcogto Bazarzhapov, Ayana Yangutova, Yang Yang, Fujia Li
The economy is entering a new phase of post-covid development. It is necessary to take into account new trends in economic development and transport corridors. The study analyzes the existing economic corridors, examines the existing opportunities for further development of Russian-Chinese cooperation...
Wind Tunnel Experiment on Sand Blocking Efficiency of Shelterbelts in Different Configurations
Jingwen Li, Suocheng Dong, Yu Li
Shelterbelts are of great significance to reducing wind and sand disasters and improving and restoring the ecological environment in arid areas. In order to optimize the configuration of shelterbelts in arid areas, this study used Pinus sylvestrwasvar. Mongolica and Haloxylon ammodendron as research...
The Evaluations of the Code of Practice and Conformity Assessment for Pastureland in Herder Communities
Solongo Tsogtbaatar, Batkhishig Baival, Altanzul Tsevelee, Ochirkhuyag Lkhamjav
In Mongolia, the system to connect market chains among livestock products- national producers-global market, has been poorly developed in terms of accessibility and equity. To address this issue fully, it is critical to assess compliance of herder cooperatives and livestock productions with social and...
Evaluating the Transborder Urban-Cluster Alternatives Suitable for Regional Development Concept of Mongolia
Tseyenkhand Punsantsogvoo, Altanbagana Myagmarsuren
Mongolia is a country with a large territory, has abundant natural resources, and is located between the two great powers, Russia and China. For this reason, a transborder urban cluster can be a significant tool to support agriculture, tourism, trade, and further education, health, and transport sectors....
Conceptual Design of Service-Based Geospatial Information System
Amarsaikhan Damdinsuren, Odontuya Gendaram, Enkhjargal Damdinsuren, Bolor Gendaram, Tsogzol Gurjav, Bat-Erdene Tsedev
At the present time, geospatial information systems are widely used for diverse spatial related decision-making processes. The power of these systems comes from the ability to relate different information in a spatial context, placing the information at a given reference system, and reaching conclusions...
Application of Hyperspectral Data for Land Cover Classification
Amarsaikhan Damdinsuren, Byambadolgor Batdorj, Jargaldalai Enkhtuya, Enkhjargal Damdinsuren, Tsogzol Gurjav
At present, hyperspectral imaging techniques are widely used for a variety of different thematic applications, because they record a detailed spectrum of incoming radiation for every pixel and provide an invaluable source of information related to the physical nature of the Earth’s surface features....
Estimation of Forest Carbon Absorption by Forest Stands – Comparison of Two Approaches of Measurement: Manual Field Survey versus Using a Terrestrial LiDAR
LEE Chan-Jung, YOUN Yeo-Chang
The carbon market is growing in quantitative and qualitative ways as climate change becomes a reality. Particularly, forests are recognized as carbon sink by the United Nations, and its role is drawing more attention as a cost-effective way of mitigating climate change. In Korea, the forest carbon offset...
Assessment of Habitat Quality in the Western Region of Mongolia Using the InVEST-Based Model
Munkhdulam Otgonbayar, Batnyam Tseveengerel, Purevsuren Munkhtur, Davaagatan Tuyagerel, Jonathan Chambers
The western region of Mongolia is the homeland of a number of endangered species, among them saiga and snow leopard. This region supports healthy populations of threatened wildlife. Therefore, this investigation is significant in detecting the quality and degradation of habitat for this region. The aim...
Feature Extraction Approach in Hyperspectral Data
Munkh-Erdene Altangerel, Amarsaikhan Damdinsuren, Enkhjargal Damdinsuren, Odontuya Gendaram, Jargaldalai Enkhtuya
In general, feature extraction deals with the problem of finding the most informative, distinctive, and reduced set of features and improve the success of data processing. The features should contain information required to distinguish between classes, be insensitive to irrelevant variability in the...
Application of Random Forest Approach to Biomass Estimation Using Remotely Sensed Data
Nyamjargal Erdenebaatar, Batbileg Bayaraa, Amarsaikhan Damdinsuren
The aim of this study is to investigate the application of RS-based vegetation indices to biomass estimation, perform a random forest (RF) classification for estimating biomass and compare the performance of RF method for high resolution and medium resolution images. As data sources, orthorectified QuickBird...
Comparison of Spectral Signatures in Hyperspectral and Multispectral Data
Odontuya Gendaram, Amarsaikhan Damdinsuren
Since the launch of the first Earth observation satellites, multispectral remote sensing (RS) datasets have been efficiently used for different thematic applications. The basis of the thematic studies is the analysis of reflecting, absorbing and emitting properties of different land surface features...
Permafrost Distribution in Mongolia Under the Scenarios of RCP2.6 and RCP8.5
Saruulzaya Adiya, Enkhbat Erdenebat
We examined the projection of permafrost distribution in Mongolia using RCP2.6 and RCP8.5 scenarios. According to the high emission scenario, an annual average near-surface temperature rapidly increases in Mongolia with high confidence. A similar trend of temperature is obtained at the depth of 3 m....
Urban Expansion Survey by Fractal Dimension
Case of Khovd Town, Mongolia
Myagmartseren Purevtseren, Myagmarjav Indra, Ganpurev Dashlegtseg, Chinbat Badamdorj, Davaakhuu Battumur, Ulziibayar Dorjbaatar
This study summarizes the dynamics of urban expansion and urbanization in the recent 20 years in Khovd town, Khovd province of Mongolia. The study used fractal geometry to describe urban land use in Khovd using a geographic information system (GIS), and applied the relation of area and perimeter index...
Problems and Green Development Countermeasures of Pastoral System on the Mongolian Plateau
Suocheng Dong, Zehong Li, Fujia Li, Hao Cheng, Bing Xia, Yu Li, Wenlong Li, Jingwen Li, Yang Yang, Fei Li, Altanbagana Myagmarsuren, Qian Liu
Mongolian Plateau is a typical pasture industry area in the world. However, due to the impact of global climate change, economic development and market-oriented reform, the pastoral system in the Mongolian Plateau is facing the double challenges of economic development and ecological environment construction....
Human Activities Impact Assessment and its Mapping in Sharyn Gol River Basin
Unurnyam Jugnee, Bolormaa Tsooj
The environment condition in the central economic region of Mongolia has been degrading due to overgrazing, legal and illegal mining, arable land, expansion of settlement areas, migration to cities from rural areas, population growth. Determining the intensity and spatial distribution of the human impact...
Spatial Analysis of Road Network in Mongolia
Urantamir Gankhuyag, Altanbagana Myagmarsuren, Bayartulga Altankhuyag
In general, road networks of Mongolia have not been developed in accordance with certain theoretical approaches to the transport network and are not economically viable. For instance, the intensity of the road network declines as we move away from Ulaanbaatar. Therefore, it is relevant to analyze and...