Proceedings of the Environmental Science and Technology International Conference (ESTIC 2021)

Population Settlement Changes Due to Migration Impacts in Mongolia

Authors
Amangul Shugatai1, *, Otgonkhuu Tsedevish2, Enkh-Amgalan Sandag2
1Institute of International Affairs, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
2Institute of Geography and Geoecology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
*Corresponding author. Email: amangulsh@mas.ac.mn
Corresponding Author
Amangul Shugatai
Available Online 1 November 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.211029.009How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Migration; Population Settlement Changes; Socio-economic Factors; Urbanization; Mongolia
Abstract

In 1990, Mongolia experienced a volatile change in the social, political, and economic aspects of its society. In particular, inequality, poverty, and unemployment increased exponentially and the differences in development between urban and rural areas increased sharply. During this period population migration intensified, particularly in rural to urban migration. Mongolia shifted from a socialist to a market economy, and social-economic attitudes also has shifted towards “settled life” as resettlements intensified. Many nomadic herders have migrated to their respective province centers, as well as to other mining and industrial centers, in order to benefit from developing infrastructure in these settlements. This process has negatively affected goals of sustainable population settlement, and created an over-concentration of the population in province centers and the country’s largest cities. The strongest effect of this migration flow comes in sustaining rural settlements, and has a significant impact on population concentration in larger urban areas. In this way, there is a practical need for an in-depth study of natural and socio-economic factors affecting Mongolia’s population migration processes. This study highlights the results of intensified population settlement and urbanization in Mongolia. These processes have created major challenges for policy makers. Therefore, this study investigates how socio-economic factors in Mongolia, affect the settlement and resettlement of Mongolia’s population. We conclude with an assessment of population settlement in future trends.

Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the Environmental Science and Technology International Conference (ESTIC 2021)
Series
Advances in Engineering Research
Publication Date
1 November 2021
ISBN
978-94-6239-446-9
ISSN
2352-5401
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.211029.009How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Amangul Shugatai
AU  - Otgonkhuu Tsedevish
AU  - Enkh-Amgalan Sandag
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/11/01
TI  - Population Settlement Changes Due to Migration Impacts in Mongolia
BT  - Proceedings of the Environmental Science and Technology International Conference (ESTIC 2021)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 48
EP  - 54
SN  - 2352-5401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.211029.009
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/aer.k.211029.009
ID  - Shugatai2021
ER  -